How To Windows Windows XP Command Prompt Commands A complete list of CMD commands available in Windows XP Share Pin Email Print Windows Key Concepts Command Line Computer Concepts File Types Basics Guides & Tutorials Installing & Upgrading Tips & Tricks by Tim Fisher Tim Fisher has 30+ years' professional technology support experience. He writes troubleshooting content and is the General Manager of Lifewire. Updated August 19, 2019 The Command Prompt in Windows XP provides access to almost 180 commands. The commands available in Windows XP are typically used to automate tasks, create batch/script files, and perform various kinds of troubleshooting and diagnostics. Windows XP Command Prompt commands might look and act like MS-DOS commands but they are not MS-DOS commands and the XP Command Prompt is not MS-DOS. See the list of DOS Commands if you're actually using MS-DOS. To see when a command was first introduced to Windows, or when it was removed, see this table of every command from Windows 8 down through MS-DOS. Below is a complete list of commands available via the Command Prompt in Windows XP: Command Prompt Commands for Windows XP Command Description Append The append command can be used by programs to open files in another directory as if they were located in the current directory. The append command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP. Arp The arp command is used to display or change entries in the ARP cache. Assoc The assoc command is used to display or change the file type associated with a particular file extension. At The at command is used to schedule commands and other programs to run at a specific date and time. Atmadm The atmadm command is used to display information related to asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) connections on the system. Attrib The attrib command is used to change the attributes of a single file or a directory. Bootcfg The bootcfg command is used to build, modify, or view the contents of the boot.ini file, a hidden file that is used to identify in what folder, on which partition, and on which hard drive Windows is located. Break The break command sets or clears extended CTRL+C checking on DOS systems. Cacls The cacls command is used to display or change access control lists of files. Call The call command is used to run a script or batch program from within another script or batch program. Cd The cd command is the shorthand version of the chdir command. Chcp The chcp command displays or configures the active code page number. Chdir The chdir command is used to display the drive letter and folder that you are currently in. Chdir can also be used to change the drive and/or directory that you want to work in. Chkdsk The chkdsk command often referred to as check disk, is used to identify and correct certain hard drive errors. Chkntfs The chkntfs command is used to configure or display the checking of the disk drive during the Windows boot process. Cipher The cipher command shows or changes the encryption status of files and folders on NTFS partitions. Cls The cls command clears the screen of all previously entered commands and other text. Cmd The cmd command starts a new instance of the command interpreter. Cmstp The cmstp command installs or uninstalls a Connection Manager service profile. Color The color command is used to change the colors of the text and background within the Command Prompt window. Command The command command starts a new instance of the command.com command interpreter. The command command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP. Comp The comp command is used to compare the contents of two files or sets of files. Compact The compact command is used to show or change the compression state of files and directories on NTFS partitions. Convert The convert command is used to convert FAT or FAT32 formatted volumes to the NTFS format. Copy The copy command does simply that - it copies one or more files from one location to another. Cscript The cscript command is used to execute scripts via Microsoft Script Host. The cscript command is most popularly used to manage printers from the command line in Windows XP using scripts like prncnfg.vbs, prndrvr.vbs, prnmngr.vbs, and others. Other popular scripts include eventquery.vbs and pagefileconfig.vbs. Date The date command is used to show or change the current date. Debug The debug command starts Debug, a command line application used to test and edit programs. The debug command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP. Defrag The defrag command is used to defragment a drive you specify. The defrag command is the command line version of Microsoft's Disk Defragmenter. Del The del command is used to delete one or more files. The del command is the same as the erase command. Diantz The diantz command is used to losslessly compress one or more files. The diantz command is sometimes called Cabinet Maker. The diantz command is the same as the makecab command. Dir The dir command is used to display a list of files and folders contained inside the folder that you are currently working in. The dir command also displays other important information like the hard drive's serial number, the total number of files listed, their combined size, the total amount of free space left on the drive, and more. Diskcomp The diskcomp command is used to compare the contents of two floppy disks. Diskcopy The diskcopy command is used to copy the entire contents of one floppy disk to another. Diskpart The diskpart command is used to create, manage, and delete hard drive partitions. Diskperf The diskperf command is used to manage disk performance counters remotely. Doskey The doskey command is used to edit command lines, create macros, and recall previously entered commands. Dosx The dosx command is used to start DOS Protected Mode Interface (DPMI), a special mode designed to give MS-DOS applications access to more than the normally allowed 640 KB. The dosx command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP. The dosx command and DPMI is only available in Windows XP to support older MS-DOS programs. Driverquery The driverquery command is used to show a list of all installed drivers. Echo The echo command is used to show messages, most commonly from within script or batch files. The echo command can also be used to turn the echoing feature on or off. Edit The edit command starts the MS-DOS Editor tool which is used to create and modify text files. The edit command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP. Edlin The edlin command starts the Edlin tool which is used to create and modify text files from the command line. The edlin command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP. Endlocal The endlocal command is used to end the localization of environment changes inside a batch or script file. Erase The erase command is used to delete one or more files. The erase command is the same as the del command. Esentutl The esentutl command is used to manage Extensible Storage Engine databases. Eventcreate The eventcreate command is used to create a custom event in an event log. Eventtriggers The eventtriggers command is used to configure and display event triggers. Exe2bin The exe2bin command is used to convert a file of the EXE file type (executable file) to a binary file. The exe2bin command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP. Exit The exit command is used to end the Command Prompt session that you're currently working in. Expand The expand command is used to extract a single file or a group of files from a compressed file. The expand command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP. Extrac32 The extrac32 command is used to extract the files and folders contained in Microsoft Cabinet (CAB) files. The extrac32 command is actually a CAB extraction program for use by Internet Explorer but can be used to extract any Microsoft Cabinet file. Use the expand command instead of the extrac32 command if possible. Fastopen The fastopen command is used to add a program's hard drive location to a special list stored in memory, potentially improving the program's launch time by removing the need for MS-DOS to locate the application on the drive. The fastopen command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP and is only available in 32-bit versions to support older MS-DOS files. Fc The fc command is used to compare two individual or sets of files and then show the differences between them. Find The find command is used to search for a specified text string in one or more files. Findstr The findstr command is used to find text string patterns in one or more files. Finger The finger command is used to return information about one or more users on a remote computer that's running the Finger service. Fltmc The fltmc command is used to load, unload, list, and otherwise manage Filter drivers. For The for command is used to run a specified command for each file in a set of files. The for command is most often used within a batch or script file. Forcedos The forcedos command is used to start the specified program in the MS-DOS subsystem. The forcedos command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP and is only available in 32-bit versions to support MS-DOS programs that are not recognized as such by Windows XP. Format The format command is used to format a drive in the file system that you specify. Drive formatting is also available from Disk Management in Windows XP. Fsutil The fsutil command is used to perform various FAT and NTFS file system tasks like managing to reparse points and sparse files, dismounting a volume and extending a volume. Ftp The ftp command can be used to transfer files to and from another computer over FTP. The remote computer must be operating as an FTP server. Ftype The ftype command is used to define a default program to open a specified file type. Getmac The getmac command is used to display the media access control (MAC) address of all the network controllers on a system. Goto The goto command is used in a batch or script file to direct the command process to a labeled line in the script. Gpresult The gpresult command is used to display Group Policy settings. Gpupdate The gpupdate command is used to update Group Policy settings. Graftabl The graftabl command is used to enable the ability of Windows to display an extended character set in graphics mode. The graftabl command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP. Graphics The graphics command is used to load a program that can print graphics. The graphics command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP. Help The help command provides more detailed information on other Command Prompt commands. Hostname The hostname command displays the name of the current host. If The if command is used to perform conditional functions in a batch file. Ipconfig The ipconfig command is used to display detailed IP information for each network adapter utilizing TCP/IP. The ipconfig command can also be used to release and renew IP addresses on systems configured to receive them via a DHCP server. Ipxroute The ipxroute command is used to display and change information about IPX routing tables. Kb16 The kb16 command is used to support MS-DOS files that need to configure a keyboard for a specific language. The kb16 command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP. Label The label command is used to manage the volume label of a disk. Loadfix The loadfix command is used to load the specified program in the first 64K of memory and then runs the program. The loadfix command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP. Lodctr The lodctr command is used to update registry values related to performance counters. Logman The logman command is used to create and manage Event Trace Session and Performance logs. The logman command also supports many functions of Performance Monitor. Logoff The logoff command is used to terminate a session. Lpq The lpq command displays the status of a print queue on a computer running Line Printer Daemon (LPD). Lpr The lpr command is used to send a file to a computer running Line Printer Daemon (LPD). Makecab The makecab command is used to losslessly compress one or more files. The makecab command is sometimes called Cabinet Maker. The makecab command is the same as the diantz command. Md The md command is the shorthand version of the mkdir command. Mem The mem command shows information about used and free memory areas and programs that are currently loaded into memory in the MS-DOS subsystem. The mem command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP. Mkdir The mkdir command is used to create a new folder. Mode The mode command is used to configure system devices, most often COM and LPT ports. More The more command is used to display the information contained in a text file. The more command can also be used to paginate the results of any other Command Prompt command. Mountvol The mountvol command is used to display, create, or remove volume mount points. Move The move command is used to move one or files from one folder to another. The move command is also used to rename directories. Mrinfo The mrinfo command is used to provide information about a router's interfaces and neighbors. Msg The msg command is used to send a message to a user. Msiexec The msiexec command is used to start Windows Installer, a tool used to install and configure software. Nbtstat The nbtstat command is used to show TCP/IP information and other statistical information about a remote computer. Net The net command is used to display, configure, and correct a wide variety of network settings. Net1 The net1 command is used to display, configure, and correct a wide variety of network settings. The net command should be used instead of the net1 command. The net1 command was made available in versions of Windows before Windows XP as a temporary fix for a Y2K issue that the net command had, which was corrected before the release of Windows XP. The net1 command remains in Windows XP only for compatibility with older programs and scripts that utilized the command. Netsh The netsh command is used to start Network Shell, a command-line utility used to manage the network configuration of the local, or a remote, computer. Netstat The netstat command is most commonly used to display all open network connections and listening ports. Nlsfunc The nlsfunc command is used to load information specific to a particular country or region. The nlsfunc command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP. Nslookup The nslookup command is most commonly used to display the hostname of an entered IP address. The nslookup command queries your configured DNS server to discover the IP address. Ntbackup The ntbackup command is used to perform various backup functions from the Command Prompt or from within a batch or script file. Ntsd The ntsd command is used to perform certain command line debugging tasks. Openfiles The openfiles command is used to display and disconnect open files and folders on a system. Path The path command is used to display or set a specific path available to executable files. Pathping The pathping command functions much like the tracert command but will also report information about network latency and loss at each hop. Pause The pause command is used within a batch or script file to pause the processing of the file. When the pause command is used, a Press any key to continue... message displays in the command window. Pentnt The pentnt command is used to detect floating point division errors in the Intel Pentium chip. The pentnt command is also used to enable floating point emulation and disable floating point hardware. Ping The ping command sends an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Echo Request message to a specified remote computer to verify IP-level connectivity. Popd The popd command is used to change the current directory to the one most recently stored by the pushd command. The popd command is most often utilized from within a batch or script file. Powercfg The powercfg command is used to manage the Windows power management settings from the command line. Print The print command is used to print a specified text file to a specified printing device. Prompt The prompt command is used to customize the appearance of the prompt text in Command Prompt. Pushd The pushd command is used to store a directory for use, most commonly from within a batch or script program. Qappsrv The qappsrv command is used to display all Remote Desktop Session Host servers available on the network. Qprocess The qprocess command is used to display information about running processes. Qwinsta The qwinsta command is used to display information about open Remote Desktop Sessions. Rasautou The rasautou command is used to manage Remote Access Dialer AutoDial addresses. Rasdial The rasdial command is used to start or end a network connection for a Microsoft client. Rcp The rcp command is used to copy files between a Windows computer and a system running the rshd daemon. Rd The rd command is the shorthand version of the rmdir command. Recover The recover command is used to recover readable data from a bad or defective disk. Reg The reg command is used to manage the Windows Registry from the command line. The reg command can perform common registry functions like adding registry keys, exporting the registry, etc. Regini The regini command is used to set or change registry permissions and registry values from the command line. Regsvr32 The regsvr32 command is used to register a DLL file as a command component in the Windows Registry. Relog The relog command is used to create new performance logs from data in existing performance logs. Rem The rem command is used to record comments or remarks in a batch or script file. Ren The ren command is the shorthand version of the rename command. Rename The rename command is used to change the name of the individual file that you specify. Replace The replace command is used to replace one or more files with one or more other files. Reset The reset command, executed as reset session, is used to reset the session subsystem software and hardware to known initial values. Rexec The rexec command is used to run commands on remote computers running the rexec daemon. Rmdir The rmdir command is used to delete an existing and completely empty folder. Route The route command is used to manipulate network routing tables. Rsh The rsh command is used to run commands on remote computers running the rsh daemon. Rsm The rsm command is used to manage media resources using Removable Storage. Runas The runas command is used to execute a program using another user's credentials. Rwinsta The rwinsta command is the shorthand version of the reset session command. Sc The sc command is used to configure information about services. The sc command communicates with the Service Control Manager. Schtasks The schtasks command is used to schedule specified programs or commands to run a certain times. The schtasks command can be used to create, delete, query, change, run, and end scheduled tasks. Sdbinst The sdbinst command is used to deploy customized SDB database files. Secedit The secedit command is used to configure and analyze system security by comparing the current security configuration to a template. Set The set command is used to enable or disable certain options in Command Prompt. Setlocal The setlocal command is used to start the localization of environment changes inside a batch or script file. Setver The setver command is used to set the MS-DOS version number that MS-DOS reports to a program. The setver command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP. Sfc The sfc command is used to verify and replace important Windows system files. The sfc command is also referred to as System File Checker and Windows Resource Checker. Shadow The shadow command Is used to monitor another Remote Desktop Services session. Share The share command is used to install file locking and file sharing functions in MS-DOS. The share command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP and is only available in 32-bit versions to support older MS-DOS files. Shift The shift command is used to change the position of replaceable parameters in a batch or script file. Shutdown The shutdown command can be used to shut down, restart, or log off the current system or a remote computer. Sort The sort command is used to read data from a specified input, sort that data, and return the results of that sort to the Command Prompt screen, a file, or another output device. Start The start command is used to open a new command line window to run a specified program or command. The start command can also be used to start an application without creating a new window. Subst The subst command is used to associate a local path with a drive letter. The subst command is a lot like the net use command except a local path is used instead of a shared network path. Systeminfo The systeminfo command is used to display basic Windows configuration information for the local or a remote computer. Taskkill The taskkill command is used to terminate a running task. The taskkill command is the command line equivalent of ending a process in Task Manager in Windows. Tasklist Displays a list of applications, services, and the Process ID (PID) currently running on either a local or a remote computer. Tcmsetup The tcmsetup command is used to setup or disable the Telephony Application Programming Interface (TAPI) client. Telnet The telnet command is used to communicate with remote computers that use the Telnet protocol. Tftp The tftp command is used to transfer files to and from a remote computer that's running the Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) service or daemon. Time The time command is used to show or change the current time. Title The title command is used to set the Command Prompt window title. Tlntadmn The tlntadmn command is used to administer a local or remote computer running Telnet Server. Tracerpt The tracerpt command is used to process event trace logs or real-time data from instrumented event trace providers. Tracert The tracert command is used to show details about the path that a packet takes to a specified destination. Tree The tree command is used to graphically display the folder structure of a specified drive or path. Tscon The tscon command is used to attach a user session to a Remote Desktop session. Tsdiscon The tsdiscon command is used to disconnect a Remote Desktop session. Tskill The tskill command is used to end the specified process. Tsshutdn The tsshutdn command is used to remotely shut down or restart a terminal server. Type The type command is used to display the information contained in a text file. Typeperf The typeperf command displays performance data in the Command Prompt window or writes the data to specified log file. Unlodctr The unlodctr command removes Explain text and Performance counter names for a service or device driver from the Windows Registry. Ver The ver command is used to display the current Windows version. Verify The verify command is used to enable or disable the ability of Command Prompt to verify that files are written correctly to a disk. Vol The vol command shows the volume label and serial number of a specified disk, assuming this information exists. Vssadmin The vssadmin command starts the Volume Shadow Copy Service administrative command line tool which displays current volume shadow copy backups and all installed shadow copy writers and providers. W32tm The w32tm command is used to diagnose issues with Windows Time. Wmic The wmic command starts the Windows Management Instrumentation Command line (WMIC), a scripting interface that simplifies the use of Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) and systems managed via WMI. Xcopy The xcopy command can copy one or more files or directory trees from one location to another. We also have detailed lists of Windows 8 commands, Windows 7 commands, and Windows Vista commands, or you can see a one-page, detail-free table of command availability from MS-DOS through Windows 8 here. Continue Reading Windows 7 Command Prompt Commands The Complete List of Windows Commands Windows 8 Command Prompt Commands How to Open Command Prompt in All Versions of Windows The COMPLETE List of DOS Commands What Is the Command Prompt in Windows, and How Do I Open It? 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