What is HTML?

Web Coding
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What is HTML? 

If you're online, than you've come across at least a few instances of HTML - and you might not have even known about it. What is HTML, and why should you know about it? The acronym HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language - the primary markup language used to write content on the Web. Every single Web page on the Internet has at least some HTML markup included in its source code. HTML is an integral part of what we know and love about the Web today.

Who Invented HTML?

HTML was created in 1991 by Tim Berners-Lee, the official creator and founder of what we know now as the World Wide Web. He came up with the idea of sharing information no matter where a computer was located by using hyperlinks, HTML-coded links that connected one resource to another, HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol), a communication protocol for Web servers and Web users, and the URL (Uniform Resource Locator), a streamlined address system for every Web page on the Internet.

What Does HTML Look Like?

HTML language, called tags, are words or acronyms surrounded by brackets. A typical HTML tag looks like this:

<tag> This Is An Example Of An HTML Tag </tag>

HTML tags are written as pairs; there must be a beginning tag and an ending tag in order to make the code display correctly. The firs tag designates how the following text will be grouped or displayed, and the closing tag (signaled with a backslash) designates the end of this group or display.

For example:

<p>This is an example of an opening paragraph tag and a closing paragraph tag. </p>

How Do Web Pages Use HTML?
Web browsers read the HTML code contained in Web pages, but they do not display the HTML markup for the Web searcher; instead, they translate the HTML coding into readable content.

This markup can contain the basic building blocks of a web page: the title, the headlines, the paragraphs, the body text, and the links. You can also designate the basic look of the text, headlines, and links within the HTML itself by using the bold tags (<b> and </b>), headline tags (<h3>headline</h3>), even underline a word (<u>this word is underlined</u>). If you want to put something in a list, you can do that too; both ordered (numbered) and un-ordered (lists with bullets) area available with just a few simple tags. 

HTML: The Building Block of the Web

Whether or not you intend to build a website, knowing what HTML is, how it came to exist, and the basics of how the markup language are constructed to format nearly every Web page online just makes sense. The amazing versatility of this basic website architecture continues to be a major part of how we view the Web.