What Does the DTS Acronym Stand for In Home Audio?

The Meaning and History of Digital Theater Systems Surround Sound Audio

Official DTS Digital Surround Logo
Official DTS Digital Surround Logo. Image provided by DTS

What DTS Means

Home theater is full of monikers, and one of most recognizable are the letters DTS. DTS stands for Digital Theater Systems (now officially shortened to just DTS).

DTS was founded in 1993 as a competitor to Dolby Labs in the development of audio encoding/decoding/processing technology used in both cinema and home theater applications.

However, it must be noted that DTS is not only a company name, but is also an identifying label it uses to identify its group of surround sound audio technologies.

The first credited theatrical release utilizing DTS audio technology was Jurassic Park. The first home theater application of DTS audio was the release of Jurassic Park on Laserdisc in 1997. The first DVD that contained a DTS soundtrack was The Legend of Mulan in 1998.

Read more on the history of the DTS company.

DTS Digital Surround

As a home audio format, DTS (also referred to as DTS Digital Surround or DTS Core) is one of two (along with Dolby Digital 5.1) that got their start with the Laserdisc format, with migration to DVD upon that format's introduction.

DTS Digital Surround is a 5.1 channel  encoding and decoding system that, on the listening end, utilizes a compatible home theater receiver with 5 channels of amplification and 5 speakers (left, right, center, surround left, surround right) and a subwoofer (.1), similar to Dolby Digital.

However, DTS uses less compression in the encoding process its Dolby competitor.

As a result, when decoded, many feel that DTS provides a better result on the listening end.

Digging deeper, DTS Digital Surround is encoded with a 48 kHz sampling rate at 24 bits, and supports a transfer rate up to 1.5 mbps. Contrast that with standard Dolby Digital, which supports a 48kHz sampling rate at a maximum 20 bits, at a maximum transfer rate od 448 kbps for DVD applications and 640kbps for Blu-ray Disc applications.

In addition, while Dolby Digital is mainly intended for the Movie Soundtrack experience on DVDs and Blu-ray Discs, DTS (check for the DTS logo on the packaging or disc label) is also used in the mixing and reproduction of musical performances, and, in fact, there are DTS-encoded CDs.

DTS-encoded CDs can be played on compatible CD players - the player must have either a digital optical or digital coaxial audio output and appropriate internal circuitry to send a DTS-encoded bitstream to a home theater receiver for proper decoding.

DTS is also used as an available audio playback option on a selected number of DVD-Audio discs. DVD-Audio discs can only be played on compatible DVD or Blu-ray Disc players.

To access DTS encoded information on CDs, DVDs, DVD-Audio Discs, or Blu-ray Discs, you must have a home theater receiver or preamplifier with a built-in DTS decoder, as well as a CD and/or DVD or Blu-ray Disc player with DTS-pass through (Bitstream output via digital optical/digital coaxial audio connection or via HDMI).

As of 2016, the list of DVDs encoded with DTS Digital Surround Worldwide number in the thousands - there is no complete up-to-date published listing.

DTS Digital Surround Variations

DTS Digital Surround, although the most widely known audio format from DTS, is just the starting point.

Additional surround sound formats within the DTS family also applied to DVD includes DTS 96/24, DTS-ES, DTS Neo:6.

Additional variations of DTS applied to Blu-ray Disc include: DTS Neo:X, DTS HD-Master Audio, and DTS:X.