What Is the Android TV Platform from Google?

Add apps to your Android TV device to expand your options

Android TV is an Android-based operating system for your TV and related devices. It can be used on standalone devices like DVRs and game consoles, and it can be embedded in devices like smart TVs. Android TV devices can stream videos and run games and other apps. 

Android TV replaced the Google TV platform. Google TV was a flop for several reasons, including industry hostility, a clunky user interface, and a gigantic TV remote.

Rather than repair the brand, Google started from scratch and introduced the Android TV platform, this time with the blessing of the networks that once shunned the idea of streaming content on TVs. 

Android TV in a Nutshell

Sony Bravia TV with Android TV
Image Courtesy Sony

Many current TV sets are "dumb." They only allow you to watch TV shows that are broadcast over the air or through connected devices, and you are forced to watch the show as it airs or to use a device, such as a DVR, to record the show for you as it comes in on your cable and then replay it later. Your dumb TV set does not know which shows you prefer to see and which shows you want to skip. 

You can get around some of this by using a DVR, as they usually have a suggestion engine and allow you to program your viewing preferences setting specific times the show runs. That works well as long as nothing interferes with the physical recording of your show, such as the power going out or a storm disrupting your satellite dish.  Both the dumb TV and the DVR model are inefficient. 

The idea behind smart TVs is that not only do they allow you to connect to the internet, but they also allow the TV to add services and suggestions tailored to your preferences. There’s still an advantage to keeping your cable subscription if you like it because many cable channels have online streaming available for subscribers. That gives you a TV that can stream your show on demand, stream other services like Netflix or Hulu, hold the library of individual movies you’ve digitally purchased, and play Android games or use other apps, such as weather services or photo albums.

Although there are big advantages to having a smart TV, there hasn't been a lot of industry agreement on a smart TV platform. If you buy one smart TV and you want an upgrade or switch brands, your apps and preferences won't follow you. Google is hoping that Android TV provides a common platform for smart TVs and other devices to make for a better consumer experience.

Several of the major TV manufacturers currently offer 4K UHD Android TVs in the USA. 

Android TV Game Boxes and Set-Top Players

Courtesy Google

You don’t have to get an entirely new TV to take advantage of the Android TV platform. You can also use standalone set-top devices, such as the Nvidia Shield and Nexus Player to give you many of the same features. Both are capable of streaming at up to 4K resolution, provided you have a TV and the bandwidth to support it. 

The Nvidia Shield or Nexus Player may be a better choice since they cost less than a new TV and leave you free to upgrade and replace your TVs and players independently.

The Nvidia Shield also offers some exclusive titles and GeForce gaming, a streaming game subscription service (think Netflix for games).

Android TV Apps and Accessories

Apps for Android TV
Screen Capture

Just as Android phones can play apps, Android TVs can download and play apps from Google Play. Some apps are authored to run on multiple platforms from phone to TV, and some are specifically designed for TVs or game consoles. 

Casting  As with the Chromecast, you can cast shows from your Android phone or your computer running the Chrome Web browser and Google Cast extension.

Voice Control  You can control Android TVs using voice commands by pressing the voice button on most remotes. This is similar to the Amazon Fire TV and other voice-controlled devices.

Remotes  The remotes for Android TV vary by manufacturer and go from something that mostly looks like a traditional TV remote to a simplified touchpad with voice control. The “remote” for game boxes like the Nvidia Shield are game controllers that can be used to control TV viewing options.

If you’d like to skip the remote, you can use an app on your Android phone. Many TVs also offer an iOS version as well.

Accessories  Android TV allows for a lot of potential accessories, but the most commonly available accessories are cameras for video chat and games, alternate remote controls, and game controllers. Your phone counts as an accessory since you can use it to control the Android TV, as does your laptop.

The Difference Between Android TV and Chromecast

Courtesy Google

The Chromecast is an inexpensive streaming device that you can hook directly into the HDMI port of your TV and stream content from either your smartphone or your laptop using the Chrome Google Cast extension. There’s also a Chromecast designed around streaming music to your stereo system instead of video content to your TV.

Android TV is a platform that can run multiple different types of devices, including TVs, set-top players, and gaming consoles.

Android TV gives you the same casting ability as a Chromecast plus:

  • Storage space – Android TV devices have storage space to store apps and media. Many also allow you to expand the storage with USB hard drives.
  • Apps – The Chromecast cannot run apps. It just streams content. Android TV allows you to run apps you download from Google Play or other Android app stores.
  • Games – Yes, games are a type of app, but games deserve a special callout here since Android TV allows for a better game experience in many ways than your Android phone does, including game console remotes and multiplayer games.
  • Smart TV – Manufacturers are better able to make Android TV part of your regular TV watching experience with a remote that controls both Android TV and standard TV functions.
  • Video Chat – With a camera accessory or TV with an embedded camera, you can use your TV for Google Hangouts and have a natural communication experience.
  • 4K Video - If you're lucky enough to have a fast connection, you can stream 4K content on an Android TV. The Chromecast Ultra also supports 4K content.

Android TV Alternatives and Competitors

Android TV is not the established platform for all smart TVs as much as Google would like it to be. Competitors include Roku and Tizen, an open-source, Linux-based platform developed by contributions from Nokia, Samsung, and Intel. LG is reviving the old Palm WebOS platform as a smart TV platform. 

Apple TV and Amazon Fire aren't designed as open-source TV platforms, but they are competitors in the streaming TV market, and they both offer solutions that include apps, streaming video, and music.