What Is a Satellite Radio Antenna?

Learn what a satellite antenna is, and why you might need one

In order to receive satellite radio, you need a special antenna. Your standard car radio antenna won't cut it because, unlike FM radio and HD radio, satellite radio and FM radio aren't broadcast on the same frequency bands. This is why you don't need a special HD radio antenna to listen to HD radio stations, but you do need a special satellite radio antenna for your satellite radio receiver to work.

Satellite radio, unlike satellite television, doesn't make use of dishes, so you don't need to install a dish on your car. The main reason is bandwidth, but suffice it to say that satellite radio uses small, non-directional antennas that are similar to many satellite phones you may have seen.

Why You Need a Satellite Radio Antenna

Both terrestrial radio and satellite radio use omnidirectional antennas, which can be contrasted with the directional antennas used by satellite television services. However, your existing car antenna that's designed to receive AM and FM signals isn't capable of receiving satellite radio transmissions.

The issue is that the FM broadcast band occupies part of the very high frequency (VHF) radio spectrum, the AM band utilizes part of the medium frequency (MF) band, and satellite radio occupies the ​S-band.

A satellite dish in a car mirror.

Grant Faint / Digital Vision / Getty Images

Although there are slight variations between different countries and regions, the North American bands are:

  • AM radio: 535 kHz to 1705 kHz
  • FM radio: 87.9 to 107.9 MHz
  • Satellite radio: 2.31 to 2.36 GHz

The other reason why you can't receive satellite radio over a traditional car radio antenna is that the connectors are different. Even if you wanted to plug a regular antenna into a satellite receiver, you wouldn't be able to. Regular car radio antennas use Motorolla plugs, also referred to as DIN 41585, while satellite radio antennas use SMB connectors.

Since satellite radio receivers use a special type of connector, it's important to buy an antenna that's specifically designed for satellite radio. Even then, some satellite radio antennas require an adapter.

Why Satellite Radio Doesn't Use Dishes

First of all, it's important to understand that a satellite dish is actually just a specialized type of antenna. They're referred to as directional antennas because they're designed to receive signals in a cone that projects outward from the edges of the dish, which is why you have to aim a satellite dish at a particular portion of the sky for it to work.

The main benefit of a directional antenna is that it's capable of receiving a greater amount of information from a weaker signal than an omnidirectional antenna. In that same vein, directional antennas can actually receive weak television and radio signals in remote areas, distant Wi-Fi signals, and other types of weak or distant signals.

As to why satellite radio uses omnidirectional antennas and satellite television uses dishes, it really comes down to the amount of information that's transmitted for the different services.

The fact is that audio transmissions take up less bandwidth than television transmissions that include both an audio and video component. So while satellite television providers could use omnidirectional antennas, they wouldn't be able to offer very many channels.

With lower bandwidth requirements, satellite radio is free to rely on omnidirectional antennas that are much easier to use in mobile applications like cars.

Installing a Satellite Radio Antenna

Since satellite radio antennas are omnidirectional, you don't have to worry about pointing them in any particular direction. However, it's important to position a satellite radio antenna so that it has an unimpeded view of the sky. It's just as vital to choose a location where it won't receive any sort of interference.

If you drive a vehicle with a hardtop, the antenna should be installed:

  • Near the front or rear of the roof.
  • Three inches or more from the edge of the roof.
  • Three inches or more away from other antennas.
  • Somewhere that a roof rack (or another similar accessory) won't block the sky.

If you drive a convertible, you can't mount a satellite antenna on the roof. In that case, you want to install it:

  • On the trunk near the base of the windshield.
  • On the hood near the back edge.
  • Three inches or more from the edge of the hood or trunk.

Places to Avoid When Installing a Satellite Antenna

If you're still having trouble figuring out where to put your satellite antenna, make sure to avoid these locations:

  • Inside the vehicle: Placing a satellite antenna inside your vehicle makes it more difficult to receive satellite signals. Even if it's near a window, the reception can suffer and may not work at all.
  • Close to metal objects: Always keep the antenna more than three inches from antennas, roof racks, and other accessories. Placing it near these objects may subject it to interference.
  • On an a, b, or c pillar: These are the pillars that separate the windshield from the front windows, the front windows from the back windows, and the back windows from the rear windows. You need to place the antenna on a horizontal surface to orient it correctly to the sky, so these pillars are off-limits.
  • How do you fix a Sirius satellite radio antenna?

    If you're having trouble getting a signal, make sure nothing is blocking the antenna's view or that you're not in an underground area like a parking garage or tunnel. If the antenna is not detected, make sure it's firmly plugged into its cradle. If you're not getting audio while listening to FM radio, check if your XM radio and car radio are on the same frequency.

  • How much does a satellite radio antenna cost?

    You can pick up a satellite radio antenna for around $20 from retailers like Amazon and Walmart.

  • How can you boost a satellite radio antenna signal?

    A satellite radio antenna signal combiner can increase signal strength by combining the output of two antennas into one. Antenna location is also important for a good signal. The higher the antenna, the clearer the signal.

  • How can you hide a satellite radio antenna?

    Since the antenna needs to be outside your vehicle to have a clear, unobstructed view of the sky to function properly, it's not possible to hide the antenna without compromising signal quality.

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