Software & Apps Linux 122 122 people found this article helpful Validating the MD5 Checksum of a File Double-check the integrity of a file through verifying its MD5 checksum By Gary Newell Writer Gary Newell was a freelance contributor, application developer, and software tester with 20+ years in IT, working on Linux, UNIX, and Windows. our editorial process Gary Newell Updated November 11, 2019 Utamaru Kido / Getty Images Linux Switching from Windows Tweet Share Email When you download a large file such as a Linux distribution in the form of an ISO you should validate it to make sure that the file downloaded properly—free of errors or unauthorized modifications. Developers of large files like ISOs run those completed images through a program to generate an MD5 encrypted file. This method provides a unique checksum, which is a fingerprint of the file. Thus, you download the ISO and then run a tool that creates an MD5 checksum against that file. The checksum that is returned should match the one located on the website of the software developer. Downloading a File With an MD5 Checksum To demonstrate how to validate the checksum of a file you will need a file that already has an MD5 checksum available for it to compare against. Most Linux distributions provide either an SHA or MD5 checksum for their ISO images. One distribution that uses the MD5 checksum method of validating a file is Bodhi Linux. Download a live version of Bodhi Linux from http://www.bodhilinux.com/. The linked page offers three versions: StandardAppPack ReleaseLegacy Release Download two files: The Bodhi Linux ISO, available at the download link, and the MD5 file. You'll compare the checksum you see in the MD5 file with the checksum you'll get in a shell session. Download the ISO itself by clicking on the Download link just under the Standard Release section. Click MD5 to download the MD5 checksum file to your computer. Open the MD5 file in a text editor. The contents look something like this: ba411cafee2f0f702572369da0b765e2 bodhi-4.1.0-64.iso Verify the MD5 Checksum Using Windows To verify the MD5 checksum: Open Command Prompt. Open your downloads folder by typing cd Downloads. If you saved the files in a different location, go there instead. Type certutil -hashfile followed by the file name and then MD5. Check that the value returned matches the value the MD5 file you downloaded from the Bodhi website (and opened in Notepad). If the values don't match then the file is not valid and you should download it again. Verify the MD5 Checksum Using Linux To verify the MD5 checksum using Linux follow these instructions: Open a shell session then visit the directory where you downloaded the files. Enter md5sum followed by the file name. The value displayed by the md5sum command should match the the value in the MD5 file. Considerations The md5sum method of checking the validity of a file only works as long as the site you are downloading the software from hasn't been compromised. In theory, it works well when there are lots of mirrors because you can always check back against the main website. However, if the main site gets hacked and a link is provided to a new download site and the checksum is changed on the website then you are basically being hoodwinked into downloading something you probably don't want to use. If the file's checksum doesn't match the value in the supplementary download file, you know that the file was corrupted in some way. Try re-downloading it. If several attempts fail, notify the owner of the file or the administrator of the site that serves it.