Software & Apps Linux 69 69 people found this article helpful How to Become Root or Any Other User Using the Linux Command Line The subsitute-user command allows easy access to other user accounts by Gary Newell Writer Gary Newell was a freelance contributor, application developer, and software tester with 20+ years in IT, working on Linux, UNIX, and Windows. our editorial process Gary Newell Updated on November 10, 2019 reviewed by Chris Selph Lifewire Tech Review Board Member Chris Selph is a CompTIA-certified technology and vocational IT teacher. He also serves as network & server administrator and performs computer maintenance and repair for numerous clients. our review board Article reviewed on Mar 27, 2020 Chris Selph Linux Switching from Windows Tweet Share Email The sudo command runs any command as another user account and is commonly used to elevate permissions so that the command is run with elevated security privileges (which in Linux terms is known as the root user). Sudo works for a brief period of time. To run as another user for a prolonged period of time then use the su command. Su stands for substitute user. Switch to the Root User The way you switch to the root user differs by distribution. For example, on Ubuntu-based distributions such as Linux Mint, Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Xubuntu, and Lubuntu, switch using the sudo command as follows: sudo su If you are using a distribution which allowed you to set a root password when you installed the distribution then you can simply use the following: su If you ran the command with sudo then you will be asked for the sudo password but if you ran the command just as su then you will need to enter the root password. To confirm that you have indeed switched to the root user type the following command: whoami The whoami command tells you which user you are currently running as. Switch to Other Users and Adopt Their Environment The su command switch to any other user's account. This ability is useful when you're testing user-account provisioning. For example, assume you created a new user called ted using the useradd command. Switch to the ted account using the following command: su ted As it stands, the above command would log you in as ted but you wouldn't be placed in the home folder for test and any settings that ted has added to the .bashrc file will not be loaded. You can, however, log in as ted and adopt the environment using the following command: su - ted This time when you log in as ted, you will be placed into the home directory for ted. Execute a Command After Switching User Accounts To switch to another user's account but have a command run as soon as you switch, use the -c switch as follows: su -c screenfetch - ted In the above command, su switches user, the -c screenfetch runs the screenfetch utility and the - ted switches to the ted account.