What Is an RTF File?

How to open, edit, & convert RTF files

What to Know

This article explains what RTF files are and how they're different from other text documents, as well as how to open one or convert one to a different format like PDF or DOCX.

What Is an RTF File?

A file with the .RTF file extension is a Rich Text Format file. It's different from a plain text file in that it can hold formatting like bold and italics, plus different fonts and sizes, and images.

RTF files are useful because lots of programs support them. This means you can build one through a macOS program, for example, and then open the same file in Windows or Linux and have it look basically the same.

How to Open an RTF File

The easiest way to open an RTF file in Windows is to use WordPad since it's pre-installed. However, other text editors and word processors work in basically the same way, like LibreOffice, OpenOffice, AbleWord, Jarte, AbiWordWPS Office, and SoftMaker FreeOffice.

WordPad with an RTF file in Windows 10

Zoho Docs and Google Docs are two ways you can open and edit RTF files online.

If you're using Google Docs to edit the RTF file, you can upload it to your Google Drive account and then import it into Docs, or learn how to upload it directly from the Docs site.

It's important to realize that not every program that supports RTF files can view the file in the same way. This is because some programs don't support newer specifications of the RTF format. More on that below.

Some other, not-free ways to open RTF files include using Microsoft Word or Corel WordPerfect.

A few of those Windows RTF editors also work with Linux and Mac. If you're on macOS, you can also use Apple TextEdit or Apple Pages to open the file.

If the file is opening in a program that you don't want to use it with, you can change the default RTF opener in Windows. For example, making that change would be helpful if you want to edit the file in Notepad but it's instead opening in OpenOffice Writer.

How to Convert an RTF File

The fastest way to convert this type of file is to use an online tool like FileZigZag. You can save the RTF as a DOC, PDF, TXT, ODT, or HTML file. Another way to convert an RTF to PDF online, or to PNG, PCX, or PS, is to use Zamzar.

RTF conversion at Zamzar

Doxillion is a free document file converter that can save RTF to DOCX and a number of other document formats.

Yet another method is to use one of the RTF editors from above. With the file already open, use the File menu or some sort of Export option to save to a different file format.

More Information on the RTF Format

The RTF format was first used in 1987 but stopped being updated by Microsoft in 2008. Since then, there have been some revisions to the format. What defines whether one document editor will display the file in the same way as the one that built it depends on what version of RTF is being used.

For example, while you can insert an image in an RTF file, not all readers know how to display it because they aren't all updated to the latest RTF specification. When this happens, images won't be displayed at all.

RTF files were once used for Windows help files but have since been replaced by Microsoft Compiled HTML Help files that use the CHM file extension.

The first version of the format was released in 1987 and used by MS Word 3. From 1989 to 2006, versions 1.1 through 1.91 were released, with the last RTF version supporting things like XML markup, custom XML tags, password protection, and math elements.

Because the RTF format is XML-based and not binary, you can actually read the contents when you open the file in a plain text editor like Notepad.

RTF files don't support macros, but that doesn't mean that ".RTF" files are macro-safe. For example, an MS Word file that contains macros can be renamed to have the .RTF file extension so it looks safe, but then when opened in MS Word, the macros can still run normally since it's not truly an RTF file.

Although their file extensions look similar, RTF files aren't the same as WRF or SRF files.

  • Can an RTF file be a virus?

    Yes, but rarely. As with most file formats, there have been cases of RTF files containing malware, so scan any files you download from the web with one of the free antivirus software programs.

  • How do I open an RTF file on Android?

    The official Dropbox, Google Drive, and Microsoft Office ​apps can open RTF files on Android. You can also find plenty of apps dedicated to opening RTF files in the Google Play Store.

  • How do I save a word document as an RTF file?

    In Microsoft Word, go to File > Save As > Save as Type and select Rich Text Format (*.rtf). To open an RTF file in Word, make sure All files is selected when browsing for the document.

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