Best Budget OBD2 Car Diagnostic Scanner

Explore your options for the best and cheapest OBD2 scan tool

Mechanic looking at OBD2 Car Diagnostic Tool next to car engine in shop

Juice Images / Getty Images

If you have a decent working knowledge of cars, you probably already know that there’s no real substitute for the car diagnostic tools that professional diagnostic technicians have at their disposal. Those tools typically consist of something like a Snap-on MODIS and a whole lot of prior experience diagnosing similar problems. However, technology has come a long way in recent years, and there are ways for a determined do-it-yourselfer to save some money using the right code readers.

Getting at the Codes

The simplest scan tools are OBD-II code readers, and they may be what your local parts store tries to sell or rent to you. This type of scan tool tends to be affordable, and it can get you on the right track, but knowing the trouble code is only the first step in a potentially long and complicated diagnostic process.

Live Data Streaming

To be a really useful car diagnostic tool, a scanner should be able to interface with the car’s computer and display live data. Some scan tools are only designed to show a long list of all the available data values, while others allow you to pull specific parameter IDs (PIDs) and create a custom list. That can be tremendously useful during the diagnostic process because it allows you to watch for problems during a test drive.

You can find decent scanners that perform those functions for under a hundred dollars, although the cheapest option may be an ELM 327 scanner. These scanners plug into your OBD2 port and use an ELM 327 microcontroller to interface the computer in your car with a phone, tablet, or laptop via either a wireless or USB connection. If you have one of those devices already, then you can buy premium ELM 327 software and still spend well under the price of a traditional scanner.

The Best Car Diagnostic Tools Include Diagnostic Procedures

The one thing that all affordable code readers and scan tools lack is the knowledge base that the best car diagnostic tools like the MODIS come with. In addition to pulling codes and displaying data in a highly efficient manner, professional scanners also provide technicians with diagnostic procedures to follow to get to the root of a problem. In some cases, that includes specific procedures to test whether various components are in working order, which is the only way to avoid the "throw parts at it" method of car repair. Most good shops also have access to programs like Mitchell and Alldata that also provide invaluable diagnostic flow charts and testing procedures.

Professional diagnostic technicians also have a wealth of personal experience to draw on, and no affordable car diagnostic tool is going to provide that or the diagnostic procedures you get from a tool like a MODIS or software like Alldata. That doesn’t mean you’re out of luck. The internet has proven to be a leveler in the field of automotive diagnostics. There are a variety of free and paid services available that you can use in conjunction with an affordable scan tool, such as an ELM 327 scanner, to diagnose your check engine light.

The key thing to remember is that if you’re experiencing a problem with your car, somebody else has probably experienced it before and has probably posted about it on the internet.