Net Command

Use 'net' to manage a network from the Command Prompt in Windows

The net Command Prompt command manages almost any aspect of a network and its settings, including network shares, network print jobs, and network users.

The net command in Windows 10
Lifewire / Tim Fisher

Net Command Availability

The net command is available from within the Command Prompt in all Windows operating systems including Windows 10Windows 8Windows 7Windows Vista, and Windows XP.

The availability of certain net command switches and other net command syntax may differ from operating system to operating system.

Net Command Syntax

The command takes the following general form:

net [accounts | computer | config | continue | file | group | help | helpmsg | localgroup | name | pause | print | send | session | share | start | statistics | stop | time | use | user | view]

Learn how to read command syntax if you're not sure how to interpret the net command syntax shown above or described below.

Net Command Options
Option Explanation
net Execute the net command alone to show information about how to use the command which, in this case, is simply a list of the net subset commands.
accounts

The net accounts command is used to set password and logon requirements for users. For example, the net accounts command can be used to set the minimum number of characters that users can set their password to. Also supported is password expiration, minimum number of days before a user can change their password again, and the unique password count before the user can use the same old password.

computer The net computer command is used to add or remove a computer from a domain.
config Use the net config command to show information about the configuration of the Server or Workstation service.
continue The net continue command is used to restart a service that was put on hold by the net pause command.
file Net file is used to show a list of open files on a server. The command can also be used to close a shared file and remove a file lock.
group The net group command is used to add, delete, and manage global groups on servers.
localgroup The net localgroup command is used to add, delete, and manage local groups on computers.
name

Net name is used to add or delete a messaging alias at a computer. The net name command was removed in conjunction with the removal of net send beginning in Windows Vista. See the net send command for more information.

pause The net pause command puts on hold a Windows resource or service.
print

Net print is used to display and manage network print jobs. The net print command was removed beginning in Windows 7. According to Microsoft, the tasks performed with net print can be performed in Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7 using the prnjobs.vbs and other cscript commands, Windows PowerShell cmdlets, or Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI).

send

Net send is used to send messages to other users, computers, or net name created messaging aliases. The net send command is not available in Windows 10, Windows 8, Windows 7, or Windows Vista but the msg command accomplishes the same thing.

session The net session command is used to list or disconnect sessions between the computer and others on the network.
share The net share command is used to create, remove, and otherwise manage shared resources on the computer.
start The net start command is used to start a network service or list running network services.
statistics Use the net statistics command to show the network statistics log for the Server or Workstation service.
stop The net stop command is used to stop a network service.
time Net time can be used to display the current time and date of another computer on the network.
use

The net use command is used to display information about shared resources on the network that you're currently connected to, as well as connect to new resources and disconnect from connected ones.

In other words, the net use command can be used to show the shared drives you've mapped to as well as allow you to manage those mapped drives.

user The net user command is used to add, delete, and otherwise manage the users on a computer.
view Net view is used to show a list of computers and network devices on the network.
helpmsg

The net helpmsg is used to display more information about the numerical network messages you might receive when using net commands. For example, when executing net group on a standard Windows workstation, you'll receive a 3515 help message. To decode this message, type net helpmsg 3515 which displays "This command can be used only on a Windows Domain Controller." on screen.

/? Use the help switch with the net command to show detailed help about the command's several options.

Save to a file whatever a net command shows on screen using a redirection operator with the command. Learn how to redirect command output to a file or see our list of command prompt tricks for more tips.

Only in Windows NT and Windows 2000 was there a difference in the net command and the net1 command. The net1 command was made available in these two operating systems as a temporary fix for a Y2K problem that affected the net command.

Net Command Examples

net view

This is one of the simplest net commands that lists all the networked devices.

net share Downloads=Z:\Downloads /GRANT:everyone,FULL

In the above example, I'm sharing the Z:\Downloads folder with everyone on the network and giving all of them full read/write access. You could modify this one by replacing FULL with READ or CHANGE for those rights only, as well as replace everyone with a specific username to give share access to just that one user account.

net accounts /MAXPWAGE:180

This example of the net accounts command forces a user's password to expire after 180 days. This number can be anywhere from 1 to 49,710, or UNLIMITED can be used so that the password never expires. Default is 90 days.

net stop "print spooler"

The above net command example is how you'd stop the Print Spooler service from the command line. Services can also be started, stopped, and restarted via the Services graphical tool in Windows (services.msc), but using the net stop command lets you control them from places like Command Prompt and BAT files.

net start
net start

Executing the net start command without any options following it (e.g. net start "print spooler") is useful if you want to see a list of currently running services. This list can be helpful when managing services because you don't have to leave the command line to see which services are running.

Related Commands

The net commands are network-related commands and so may often be used for troubleshooting or management alongside commands like ping, tracert, ipconfig, netstat, nslookup, and others.