A Guide to Multifunction Printers

Matched to the right environment, multifunction printers deliver

Epson Expression XP-630 Small-in-One Printer


An all-in-one (also known as a multifunction, or MFP) printer sounds like the perfect deal. After all, it not only prints, which is the whole reason for buying a printer, but it can also scan photos and documents (often directly to a USB drive or to a PDF document), fax (often in color), and make copies. Why wouldn’t you want one?

Well, space is one reason to think twice about whether you need an all-in-one printer. At nearly two feet wide and a foot deep, you’ve got to have a place to put it before you can use it. They’re not lightweight, either, often weighing in at over a couple of dozen pounds. So before you buy, think carefully about how often you really need those extra functions. If you don’t need them, then you might not need the larger machine.


There’s no question that a scanner can be a handy item to have. If you’re the kind of person who’s set on having a tidy and organized office, scanners can help eliminate much of the paper you need to store, and archiving PDFs takes a lot less space. Most multifunction printers are going to provide decent but very basic scanning capability. That’s fine if the items you’re scanning are just for your own use; but if you scan as part of your work, a separate high-quality scanner might be a better investment.


Most all-in-one features a built-in fax machine. When you need it you'll be glad to have it, but now that e-mail has become ubiquitous, it seems that faxing is on its way to becoming obsolete. If you fax often, check the speed of the fax modem built into the printer. It would be unusual if it were less than 33.6 Kbps, which takes about three seconds to fax a single black-and-white page. Another important consideration is how many pages the fax can store in memory. Some, such as the Pixma MX922 stores 150 incoming and outgoing, meaning the machine can receive even when it’s off.


Much like scanning, having a copy machine in your home office is helpful. Think again about how you plan to use a copier. If you need color copies, then a laser all-in-one isn’t going to work for you (unless you plan on spending at least $500 on a low-end color model). But if you just need something for your own use, most inkjet printers we've seen will do a fine job.

Other Features

Every multifunction printer should have an automatic document feeder (ADF), but not everyone does. An ADF allows you to put a lot of paper in at once and not have to feed more in every few minutes. You’ll want at least the capacity for 30 letter-sized sheets of paper.

Another feature to consider is duplexing, or the ability to print on both sides of the page. If you’re looking to save paper or need to print brochures and flyers, duplexing is a must-have feature. But, like the ADF, it’s not available on every all-in-one (and it’s an extra cost for others).

Finally, if you have more than one computer working in your house or office, a multifunction printer that is networkable is a huge convenience. Even if you’ve just got one computer, some printers can print via Bluetooth, a short-range wireless protocol. That gives you a lot more flexibility about where to put the printer, which is worth a lot, given that most all-in-ones are behemoths.