How to Make Obsidian in Minecraft

Two ways to get this useful crafting material

Obsidian is a Minecraft block type that can be found naturally in the world or created intentionally. With its high resistance to damage from blasts, and use in recipes like the nether portal and enchanting table, obsidian is one of the most important blocks in Minecraft.

In addition to these methods, you may get lucky and find a ruined portal while exploring. These partial nether portals that spawn randomly in the world consist of obsidian that you can mine and take for yourself.

How to Make Obsidian in Minecraft

To make obsidian in Minecraft, you need two things:

  • A bucket of water
  • A source of lava

Here’s how to make obsidian:

  1. Make or find a bucket, and fill it with water.

    Water in a bucket in Minecraft.
  2. Locate a source of lava.

    Lava in Minecraft.
  3. Stand next to the lava, and use the water bucket.

    Lava in Minecraft.
    • Windows 10 and Java Edition: Right click.
    • Pocket Edition: Tap a block next to the lava.
    • Xbox 360 and Xbox One: Press the left trigger.
    • PS3 and PS4: Press the L2 button.
    • Wii U and Switch: Press the ZL button.
  4. Wait for the water to spread over the lava.

    Water turning lava into cobblestone and obsidian.

    Flowing lava will turn into cobblestone instead of obsidian.

  5. With the bucket still equipped, put the water back in the bucket using the same button you used to dump it out.

  6. Mine the obsidian using a diamond or netherite pickaxe.

    Mining obsidian in Minecraft.
  7. Carefully pick up the obsidian by walking near it.

    Obsidian in Minecraft.

How to Find Lava in Minecraft

Lava can be found throughout the world, including on the surface, but it’s most commonly found below Y=11 while mining in the overworld, and below Y=31 in the Nether. If you have trouble finding an easy source above ground, consider mining down to Y=11 in the overworld, and then mine horizontally while listening for lava. Lava will spawn at floor level when you’re at Y=11, so just be careful and don’t walk into it.

How to Get Natural Obsidian in Minecraft

While you’re out looking for lava, you may get lucky and find a place where lava and water spawn together when your world was created. When this happens just right, the result is natural obsidian ready for the taking.

Here’s how to get natural obsidian in Minecraft:

  1. Locate a source of lava that’s next to a source of water.

    Lava underground in Minecraft with water visible in the distance.
  2. Carefully locate the point where the water and lava are interacting. If necessary, use a bucket to uncover the obsidian.

    Water on obsidian in minecraft.
  3. Using a diamond or netherite pickaxe, carefully mine the obsidian.

    Mining natural obsidian underground in Minecraft.
  4. Be extra careful, as the lava surrounding natural obsidian is more difficult to predict. It may rush in and destroy the obsidian as you mine it, or your mined obsidian may fall into a deeper layer of lava underneath.

    Mining obsidian in Minecraft.

How to Get and Fill a Bucket in Minecraft

If you don’t already have a bucket, you’ll need one before you can make your own obsidian. You can find buckets randomly in chests, or make one from three iron ingots.

Here’s how to make and fill a bucket in Minecraft.

  1. Open the crafting table interface.

    The crafting table interface in Minecraft.
  2. Place three iron ingots in the crafting table interface.

    The bucket recipe in Minecraft.
  3. Move the bucket to your inventory.

    Moving a crafted bucket into inventory in Minecraft.
  4. Locate water, and equip the bucket.

    Water in Minecraft with a bucket equipped.
  5. While standing next to the water, look at the water and use the bucket.

    Putting water in a bucket in Minecraft.
    • Windows 10 and Java Edition: Right click.
    • Pocket Edition: Tap the water.
    • Xbox 360 and Xbox One: Press the left trigger.
    • PS3 and PS4: Press the L2 button.
    • Wii U and Switch: Press the ZL button.
  6. You now have a bucket of water in your inventory.

    Water in a bucket in Minecraft.
Was this page helpful?