How to Make a Potion of Harming in Minecraft

This corrupted potion hurts instead of healing

The Potion of Harming in Minecraft isn’t helpful on its own, as drinking it causes you to take instant damage. When you turn one into a Splash Potion of Harming or Lingering Potion of Harming, though, it becomes a potent weapon that you can use to get an edge when fighting difficult enemies.

These instructions work for Minecraft on all platforms, including Java Edition and Bedrock Edition on PC and consoles.

Ingredients You’ll Need to Make a Potion of Harming

Here are the ingredients you’ll need to gather if you want to make a potion of harming:

  • A Crafting Table (crafted with four Wood Planks)
  • A Brewing Stand (crafted with one Blaze Rod and three Cobblestone)
  • Blaze powder (crafted from a Blaze Rod)
  • Poison Potion (crafted from glass, filled with water)
  • Fermented Spider Eye (crafted from Spider Eye, Mushroom, and Sugar)

If you want to make your potion stronger, you’ll need:

  • Glowstone Dust (gathered in the Nether)

If you want to make your potion actually useful, you’ll also need:

  • Gunpowder (dropped by Creepers)
  • Dragon’s Breath (gathered from Ender Dragon’s breath attack)

How to Brew a Potion of Harming in Minecraft

Here’s how to brew a Potion of Harming:

  1. Craft a Crafting Table by placing four Wood Planks in the basic crafting interface.

    Making a Crafting Table in Minecraft.
  2. Place the Crafting Table.

    A crafting table in Minecraft.
  3. Craft a Fermented Spider Eye by placing a Spider Eye, Mushroom, and Sugar in the Crafting Table interface.

    Crafting a fermented spider eye in Minecraft.
  4. Craft Blaze Powder by placing a Blaze Rod in the crafting interface.

    Making blaze powder in Minecraft.
  5. Craft a Brewing Stand by placing three Cobblestone in the middle row of the Crafting Table interface and a single Blaze Rod in the middle of the top row.

    Making a Brewing Stand in Minecraft.
  6. Place the Brewing Stand on the ground, and open the brewing interface.

    A brewing stand in Minecraft.
  7. Add Blaze Powder to the upper left box in the brewing interface.

    Placing blaze powder in a brewing stand.
  8. Brew a Poison Potion if you don't already have one ready, then place it in the Brewing Stand interface.

    A Poison Potion in Minecraft.
  9. Place a Fermented Spider Eye in the Brewing Stand interface.

    Brewing in Minecraft.
  10. Wait for the potion to brew.

    A Potion of Harming in Minecraft.

How to Brew an Improved Potion of Harming in Minecraft

The Potion of Harming has a more potent version called Potion of Harming (Instant Damage II), and it does even more damage. You’ll need a Potion of Harming and Glowstone Dust from the Nether to make this one.

  1. Place a Potion of Harming in the Brewing Stand interface.

    Brewing in Minecraft.
  2. Place Glowstone Dust in the Brewing Stand interface.

    Improving a Potion of Harming in Minecraft.
  3. Wait for the brewing process to finish.

    An improved potion of harming in Minecraft.

How to Make a Potion of Harming Useful


When you first make a Potion of Harming in Minecraft, it’s dangerous to you instead of your enemies. It does instant damage when you drink it, so there isn’t anything you can do with it. If you want it to be helpful, you need to turn it into a Splash Potion of Harming.

You can substitute a Potion of Harming (Instant Damage II) for a more potent Splash Potion.

Here’s how to make a Splash Potion of Harming:

  1. Place a Potion of Harming in the Brewing Stand interface.

    Brewing in Minecraft.
  2. Place Gunpowder in the Brewing Stand interface.

    Brewing in Minecraft.
  3. Wait for the process to finish.

    Brewing in Minecraft.
  4. Optional: Place a Dragon’s Breath into the Brewing Stand interface to create a Lingering Potion of Harming.

    Brewing in Minecraft.

How to Use a Splash Potion of Harming


Unlike a regular Potion of Harming, you can use a Splash Potion of Harming or Lingering Potion of Harming to damage other players, neutral mobs like cows and pigs, and hostile mobs like Creepers.

Here’s how to use a Splash Potion of Harming:

  1. Equip the potion to your active slot, and aim at the mob you want to damage.

    Aiming a potion of harming at a sheep.
  2. Throw the Splash Potion.

    Throwing a potion at a sheep in Minecraft.

    To throw a potion in Minecraft:

    • Windows 10 and Java Edition: Right click.
    • Pocket Edition (PE): Tap to use the potion.
    • PlayStation: Press the L2 button.
    • Xbox: Press the LT button.
    • Nintendo: Press the ZL button.
  3. You will see a swirl effect when the potion hits, and the mob will take instant damage.

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