How to Get Organized With macOS Stacks Feature

With macOS Mojave, Stacks took a turn for the better

The Mac's desktop tends to collect files and folders at a prodigious rate, resulting in a messy desktop. Desktop Stacks, a feature introduced with macOS Mojave, can organize, declutter, and improve your workflow.

Desktop Stacks

Now, Stacks is not a new feature; they have been around since the OS X Leopard added them as a way to organize multiple files into a single Dock icon. With Dock Stacks, you could create Stacks containing recent applications, documents, images, just about whatever you wanted.

Desktop Stacks take the idea of the Dock Stacks as an organizing tool and apply it to all the files on your desktop. Rounding up all of the clutter on your desktop and placing them into multiple Stacks each containing related files.

A typical messy Mac Desktop.

Desktop Stacks like their Dock Stacks counterparts can be opened to display their content, allowing you to work on the files within. The organization method, or how the files are grouped can be set to meet your needs.

Turn Desktop Stacks on or Off

To enable or disable desktop stacks:

  1. Click or tap once on the desktop to select it and bring it to the front.

  2. From the menu bar select View > Use Stacks.

  3. A checkmark will be added to the Use Stacks menu item to indicate that Stacks are turned on.

    You can also perform the same tasks by right-clicking on the desktop and selecting Use Stacks from the pop-up menu.

    Stacks can be turned off by selecting the Use Stacks menu item a second time, resulting in the checkmark being removed and all the files in the Stacks being dispersed to the desktop.

    With Stacks turned on, all of the files on your desktop will be sorted into multiple Stacks organized by file type. All the image files will be in one Stack, movies in another, PDFs in a third, and spreadsheets in a fourth. This is the default sorting method of Kind.

    You can choose from multiple sorting methods.

    Set Stack Grouping

    Stacks by default sort themselves by the kind of file they contain. But there are additional grouping options. To change how Stacks are sorted make sure that Stacks are turned on then:

    Using the Group By option for Desktop Stacks.
  4. Click or tap on the desktop once to ensure the desktop is the front-most item.

  5. From the View menu, select Group Stacks By.

  6. The menu will expand to show you the group options of:

    • Kind
    • Date Last Opened
    • Date Added
    • Date Modified
    • Date Created
    • Tags
  7. Select how you wish to group the Stacks. Once you make your selection, the Stacks on the desktop will be resorted by the grouping you selected.

    You can also perform the same task by right-clicking on the desktop and selecting Group Stacks By.

Using a Stack

Stacks are placed along the far right edge of the desktop and appear as a group of file icons stack one atop the other.

To Open a Stack

To open a Stack, click or tap once on a Stack. The Stack will open and display all of the enclosed files. The files that make up the Stack may push other desktop items temporarily into new positions on the desktop. Those items will return to their normal locations once you close the stack.

Items in the Stack can be manipulated just like any other file, double-clicking or tapping will open the file in its default app. Clicking or tapping once on a file, then pressing the spacebar will let you Quick Look the file. You can use the Finder to copy, delete, move any of the files within a Stack.

Be aware if you move a file from a Stack to the desktop, it will be sorted back within a Stack as long as the Use Stacks view option is enabled.

To Close a Stack

Open Stacks have a downward-facing chevron icon. Click or tap the chevron to close the Stack, causing all of the files that are part of the Stack to be swept back inside the Stack.

Cleaning up the Desktop

Stacks let you instantly clean up a messy desktop, but it does impose a bit of discipline on the user. With desktop Stacks enabled, a rigid grid is used for where files and folders can be placed on the desktop. For the most part, you won't be able to move desktop items around while Stacks are in use.

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