A Comprehensive List of HTML Codes for Turkish Language Characters

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Even if your site is written in English only and does not include multilingual translations, you may need to add Turkish language characters to that site on certain pages or for certain words.

The list below includes the HTML codes necessary to use Turkish characters that are not in the standard character set and are not found on a keyboard's keys. Not all browsers support all these codes (mainly, older browsers may cause problems whereas newer browsers should be fine), so be sure to test your HTML codes before you use them.

Some Turkish characters may be part of the Unicode character set, so you need to declare that in the head of your documents.

Different Characters You May Need to Use

Display Friendly Code Numerical Code Description
İ   İ Capital I-dotted
ı   ı Lowercase i-dotless
Ö Ö Ö Capital O-umlaut
ö ö ö Lowercase o-umlaut
Ü Ü Ü Capital U-umlaut
ü ü û Lowercase u-umlaut
Ç Ç Ç Capital C-cedil
ç ç &#231 Lowercase c-cedil
Ğ   Ğ Capital G-breve
ğ   ğ Lowercase g-breve
Ş   Ş Capital S-cedil
ş   ş Lowercase s-cedil
£ £ New Lira

Using these characters is simple. In the HTML markup, you would place these special character codes where you want the Turkish character to appear. These are used similarly to other HTML special character codes that allow you to add characters that are also not found on the traditional keyboard, and therefore cannot be simply typed into the HTML in order to display on a web page.

Remember, these character codes may be used on an English language website if you need to display a word with one of the characters. These characters would also be used in HTML that was actually displaying full translations, whether you actually coded those web pages by hand and had a full Turkish version of the site, or if you used a more automated approach to multilingual web pages and went with a solution like Google Translate.