HTML Codes for French Language Characters

Wood block letters spelling 'Français'
JannHuizenga / Getty Images

Bonjour! Even if your site is written in English only and does not include multi-lingual translations, you may need to add French language characters to that site on certain pages or for certain words.

The list below includes the HTML codes necessary to use French characters that are not in the standard character set and are not found on a keyboard's keys. Not all browsers support all these codes (mainly, older browsers may cause problems — newer browsers should be fine), so be sure to test your HTML codes before you use them.

Some French characters may be part of the Unicode character set, so you need to declare that in the head of your documents:

Here are the different characters you may need to use.

Display Friendly Code Numerical Code Hex Code Description
À À À À Capital A-grave
à à à à Lowercase a-grave
    Capital A-circumflex
â â â â Lowercase a-circumflex
Æ Æ Æ Æ Capital AE Ligature
æ æ æ æ Lowercase AE Ligature
Ç Ç Ç Ç Capital C-cedilla
ç ç ç ç Lowercase c-cedilla
È È È È Capital E-grave
è è è è Lowercase e-grave
É É É É Capital E-acute
é é é é Lowercase e-acute
Ê Ê Ê Ê Capital E-circumflex
ê ê ê ê Lowercase e-circumflex
Ë Ë Ë Ë Capital E-umlaut
ë ë ë ë Lowercase e-umlaut
Î Î Î Î Capital I-circumflex
î î î î Lowercase i-circumflex
Ï Ï Ï Ï Capital I-umlaut
ï ï ï ï Lowercase i-umlaut
Ô Ô Ô Ô Capital O-circumflex
ô ô ô ô Lowercase o-circumflex
ΠΠΠΠCapital OE ligature
œ œ œ œ Lowercase oe ligature
Ù Ù Ù Ù Capital U-grave
ù ù ù ù Lowercase u-grave
Û Û Û Û Capital U-circumflex
û û û û Lowercase U-circumflex
Ü Ü Ü Ü Capital U-umlaut
ü ü ü ü Lowercase U-umlaut
« « « « Left angle quotes
» » » » Right angle quotes
€ € € Euro
₣ ₣ Franc

Using these characters is simple. In the HTML markup, you would place these special character codes where you want the French character to appear. These are used similarly to other HTML special character codes that allow you to add characters that are also not found on the traditional keyboard, and therefore cannot be simply typed into the HTML in order to display on a web page.

Remember, these characters codes may be used on an English language website if you need to display a word with one of these characters. These characters would also be used in HTML that was actually displaying full French translations, whether you actually coded those web pages by hand and had a full French version of the site, or if you used a more automated approach to multilingual webpages and went with a solution like Google Translate.