Internet, Networking, & Security Around the Web How to Properly Cite Internet References in Your Research Share Pin Email Print JGI-Tom Grill / Getty Around the Web Browsers Cloud Services Error Messages Home Networking 5G Antivirus VPN Web Development Around the Web View More By Paul Gil Writer Paul Gil, a former Lifewire writer who is also known for his dynamic internet and database courses and has been active in technology fields for over two decades. our editorial process Paul Gil Updated December 12, 2019 There are multiple North American guidelines for quoting (aka 'citing)' your online research in your essay, paper, or news article. Here are the most common methodologies: Basic In-Text Citation Method: How You Copy-Paste Into Your Paper Citation BasicsAccording to the APA and the Purdue Owl, author-date is the proper style for citing a reference in the middle of other text. (e.g. Gil, 2008) APA Citing Guide for Social Sciences (American Psychological Association)Purdue University APA Reference(Neyhard, Karper, Seas, Russell, Wagner, and Angeli, 2009) Formatting Citations: Capitalization, Quotes, Underlining APA Capitalization StylesMost titled words of four letters or more are capitalized, as are both words in a compound word (e.g. Environmentally-Friendly Pesticides and Controls) How to Make Long Quotations or Paraphrases APA Quotation and Paraphrase StyleIndenting is desirable for longer quotations. Page numbers are ideal for whenever you paraphrase an author. How to Cite an Author/Authors APA Author Citation StyleYou will use "and" or the ampersand "&", depending on your use of parentheses. In cases where 6 authors or more are cited, the "et al" expression will come into play. Citing Electronic Documents APA Source StyleWhen there is no date on an Internet or electronic reference, use the "n.d." abbreviation. Where there are no page numbers available, you need to help the reader find the exact paragraph as well.