Software & Apps Windows How to Fix User32.dll Not Found or Missing Errors A troubleshooting guide for user32.dll errors by Tim Fisher General Manager, VP, Lifewire.com Tim Fisher has 30+ years' professional technology support experience. He writes troubleshooting content and is the General Manager of Lifewire. our editorial process Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Tim Fisher Updated on May 18, 2020 Windows The Ultimate Laptop Buying Guide Tweet Share Email User32.dll errors are caused by situations that lead to the removal or corruption of the user32 DLL file, an important system file required by Windows in order to properly display graphical user interfaces. In some cases, user32.dll errors could indicate a registry problem, a virus or malware issue, or even a hardware failure. The user32.dll error message could apply to any program or system that might utilize the file on any of Microsoft's operating systems, including Windows 10, Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP, and Windows 2000. User32.dll Errors There are several different ways that user32.dll errors can show up on your computer. Here are some of the more common ways that you might see user32.dll errors. User32.dll Not FoundThis application failed to start because user32.dll was not found. Re-installing the application may fix this problemCannot find [PATH]\user32.dllThe file user32.dll is missingCannot start [APPLICATION]. A required component is missing: user32.dll. Please install [APPLICATION] again User32.dll error messages might appear while using or installing certain programs, when Windows starts or shuts down, or maybe even during a Windows installation. The context of the user32.dll error is an important piece of information that will be helpful while solving the problem. How to Fix User32.dll Errors Do not download user32.dll from a "DLL download" website. There are many reasons why downloading a DLL file is a bad idea. If you need a copy of user32.dll, it's best to obtain it from its original, legitimate source. Start Windows in Safe Mode to complete any of the following steps if you're unable to access Windows normally due to the user32.dll error. Restore user32.dll from the Recycle Bin. The easiest possible cause of a "missing" user32.dll file is that you've mistakenly deleted it. If you suspect that you've accidentally deleted user32.dll but you've already emptied the Recycle Bin, you may be able to recover user32.dll with a free file recovery program. Recovering a deleted copy of user32.dll with a file recovery program is a smart idea only if you're confident you've deleted the file yourself and that it was working properly before you did that. Run a virus/malware scan of your entire system. Some user32.dll errors could be related to a virus or other malware infection on your computer that has damaged the DLL file. It's even possible that the user32.dll error you're seeing is related to a hostile program that's masquerading as the file. Use System Restore to undo recent system changes. If you suspect that the user32.dll error was caused by a change made to an important file or configuration, a System Restore could solve the problem. Run the sfc/scannow System File Checker command to replace a missing or corrupt copy of the user32.dll file. Since this DLL file is provided by Microsoft, the System File Checker tool should restore it. Try your best to complete this step. Restoring the original user32.dll file is a likely solution to this DLL error. Reinstall the program that uses the user32.dll file. If the user32.dll DLL error occurs when you use a particular program, reinstalling the program should replace the file. If you're not sure which program showed the error, enter the tasklist /m User32.dll command in Command Prompt to get a list of all the programs that are currently using user32.dll. One of them might ring a bell and point you to the program you should try reinstalling. Update the drivers for hardware devices that might be related to user32.dll. If, for example, you're receiving a "The file user32.dll is missing" error when you play a 3D video game, try updating the drivers for your video card. The user32.dll file may or may not be related to video cards—this was just an example. The key here is to pay very close attention to the context of the error and troubleshoot accordingly. Roll back a driver to a previously installed version if user32.dll errors began after updating a particular hardware device's driver. Install any available Windows updates. Many service packs and other patches replace or update some of the hundreds of Microsoft distributed DLL files on your computer. The user32.dll file could be included in one of those updates. Test your memory and then test your hard drive. I've left the majority of hardware troubleshooting to the last step, but your computer's memory and hard drive are easy to test and are the most likely components that might cause user32.dll errors as they fail. If the hardware fails any of your tests, replace the memory or replace the hard drive as soon as possible. Repair your installation of Windows. If the individual user32.dll file troubleshooting advice above is unsuccessful, performing a startup repair or repair installation should restore all Windows DLL files to their working versions. Use a free registry cleaner to repair user32.dll related issues in the registry. A free registry cleaner program may be able to help by removing invalid user32.dll registry entries that might be causing the DLL error. See our Registry Cleaners FAQ for more on what these programs are used for (hint: they're not necessary in most situations). They're included here as a "last resort" attempt before the destructive step coming up next. Perform a clean installation of Windows. A clean install of Windows will erase everything from the hard drive and install a fresh copy of Windows. If none of the steps above correct the user32.dll error, this should be your next course of action. All the information on your hard drive will be erased during a clean install. Make sure you've made the best attempt possible to fix the user32.dll error using a troubleshooting step prior to this one. Troubleshoot for a hardware problem if any user32.dll errors persist. After a clean install of Windows, your DLL problem can only be hardware related. Need More Help? If you're not interested in fixing this problem yourself, see our article How Do I Get My Computer Fixed? for a full list of your support options, plus help with everything along the way like figuring out repair costs, getting your files off, choosing a repair service, and a whole lot more.