Memory Management Error: What It Is and How to Fix It

Several things could be causing your memory management error message

A woman wearing a sweater and blue shirt using a laptop.

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The Windows 10 memory management error occurs when a problem with a computer's memory is detected. The error message can sometimes appear while running Windows 10, but is also known to appear during a system start-up or restart process.

How the Memory Management Error Appears

The most common form of the memory management error is a small mention of it on the infamous blue screen of death (BSOD). This is why the error is occasionally referred to as a memory management BSOD error message in some online forums and web pages.

The blue screen of death is an unofficial term used by many to describe the blue screen that can appear on a Windows computer when a major error is detected. Other errors can also trigger it.

The message is often also referred to as a Windows 10 stop code memory management error due to its tendency to cease all regular functions and force the user to deal with the error code immediately.

The blue screen of death will typically contain the following text in large font:

Your PC ran into a problem and needs to restart. We're just collecting some error info, and then we'll restart for you.

The memory management error designation is usually located in smaller text at the bottom of the screen and looks like the following:

If you call a support person, give them this info: Stop Code: Memory Management

Cause of Memory Management Errors

A Windows 10 memory management error can be caused by faulty hardware, often a broken memory bank. The error message can also be triggered by the installation of incorrect drivers or existing drivers that need to be updated.

How to Fix a Memory Management Error

There are a variety of ways to fix the common memory management error on a Windows 10 computer, laptop, or tablet. Here are the most effective solutions.

  1. Restart your computer. If the memory management error was caused by some sort of temporary glitch, a basic Windows restart may fix it.

  2. Perform a Windows update. A Windows update can correct a variety of errors and can also increase the stability of your Windows 10 device. To manually check for an update, go to Settings > Update & Security > Check for updates.

    When updating your device, make sure it's plugged into a power source. A flat battery during an update can cause a variety of problems.

  3. Update your drivers. An old or incorrect device driver can cause the memory management error on a Windows 10 device.

    It's recommended to stay connected to the internet when updating your drivers so new ones can be downloaded.

  4. Scan your drives. Performing a basic scan of your hard drives for errors can fix a variety of problems. 

  5. Run Windows Memory Diagnostic. The Windows Memory Diagnostic is a Windows 10 repair tool designed specifically for detecting and fixing memory errors.

    To activate it, select the search bar or Cortana in the Windows 10 taskbar and type "Windows Memory Diagnostic," then select Open > Restart now and check for problems (recommended). Your device will restart and automatically begin scanning for any memory problems.

  6. Replace the memory module. If a test shows that your memory management error is the result of faulty hardware, you may need to remove the current memory and replace it with a new one.

Replacing memory on a Windows 10 computer or laptop usually only takes around 15 minutes once the correct components have been obtained.

Some Windows 10 computers, like the Microsoft's Surface line of devices, make it incredibly difficult to replace parts and doing so may void your warranty. Fortunately, Microsoft has a reputation for completely replacing faulty hardware that's around a year old. You can check if your product is eligible for repair or replacement by registering it on the Microsoft website.