How Do I Create a Windows Password Reset Disk?

Recover from a lost password in Windows 11, 10, 8, 7, Vista, and XP

A Windows password reset disk is a specially created disk or USB flash drive that restores access to Windows if you've forgotten your password. It's a useful step to take if you tend to forget your password, and it's easy to create; all you need is a USB flash drive or disk.

These procedures work for Windows 11, 10, 8 and 8.1, 7, Vista, and XP.

If you've already forgotten your password, and you have not yet created a password reset disk, you'll need to find another way to get back into Windows.

How to Make a Windows Password Reset Disk

Create a password reset disk using the Forgotten Password Wizard in Windows. The specific steps necessary to create a password reset disk varies depending on which version of Windows you're using.

With Windows 11, 10, and 8, Microsoft allowed the linking of a user account to a Microsoft Account, rather than relying on local-only accounts. If your account is connected to your online Microsoft Account, you can simply reset or change your password online. You only need a password reset disk if your account is local—which, for most home users, is not the default. You can reset your Microsoft account password if you have forgotten it.

  1. Open Control Panel.

    In Windows 11, search for it from the search utility on the taskbar.

    In Windows 10 and Windows 8, find it via the Power User Menu by pressing Win+X.

    For Windows 7 and older versions of Windows, select Start and then Control Panel.

  2. Select User Accounts if you're using Windows Vista, or Windows XP.

    Windows 8 and Windows 7 users should pick the User Accounts and Family Safety link.

    For Windows 11 and 10, type password reset disk in the Search box at the top of the Windows Settings screen—Microsoft has hidden this utility in recent versions of Windows. Choose Create a password reset disk from the results, and then skip to Step 5.

    password reset disk search results in Windows 11 control panel

    If you're viewing the Large icons or Small icons view, or the Classic View of Control Panel you won't see this link. Instead, find and open the User Accounts icon and proceed to Step 4.

  3. Select the User Accounts link. Before you proceed, obtain a flash drive or a floppy disk drive and blank floppy disk. You will not be able to create a Windows password reset disk on a CD, DVD, or external hard drive.

  4. In the task pane on the left, choose the Create a password reset disk link.

    Windows XP only: You won't see that link if you're using Windows XP. Instead, choose your account from the "or pick an account to change" section at the bottom of the User Accounts screen. Then, choose Prevent a forgotten password from the left pane. If you get a "No Drive" warning message, you do not have a floppy disk or USB flash drive connected.

  5. When the Forgotten Password Wizard window appears, select Next.

  6. In the I want to create a password key disk in the following drive drop-down box, choose the portable media drive on which to create a Windows password reset disk.

    You will only see a selection menu here if you have more than one compatible device attached. If you have just one, you'll be told the drive letter of that device, and that it will be used to create the reset disk.

    Forgotten Password Wizard USB selection
  7. Select Next.

  8. With the disk or other media still in the drive, enter your current account password in the text box and select Next.

    forgotten password wizard user account password field

    If you've already used this floppy disk or flash drive as a different password reset tool for a different user account or computer, you'll be asked if you want to overwrite the existing disk. See the tip below to learn how to use the same media for multiple password reset disks.

  9. When the progress indicator shows 100 percent complete, select Next and then Finish in the next window.

  10. Remove the flash drive or floppy disk from your computer. Label the disk or flash drive to identify what it's for, like "Windows 11 Password Reset" or "Windows 7 Reset Disk," and store it in a safe place.

You only need to create a password reset disk for your Windows login password once. No matter how many times you change your password, this disk will always allow you to create a new one.

While a password reset disk will certainly come in handy if you ever forget your password, anyone who possesses this disk will be able to access your Windows account at any time, even if you change your password.

Password Reset Disks for Other User Accounts

A Windows password reset disk is only valid for the user account that it was created for. You can't create a reset disk for a different user on a different computer or use one password reset disk on another account that may be on the same computer. Each account you want to protect will have to have its own password reset disk. You can, however, use the same floppy disk or flash drive as the password reset disk on any number of user accounts. When Windows resets a password using the reset disk, it looks for the password backup file (userkey.psw) that's at the root of the drive, so make sure that you store other reset files in a different folder.

For example, you can keep the userkey.psw file for a user called "Amy" in a folder called "Amy Password Reset Disk," and another one for "Jon" in a separate folder. When it's time to reset the password for the "Jon" account, just use a different (working) computer to move the PSW file out of the "Jon" folder and into the root of the floppy disk or flash drive so that Windows can read from the right one.

It doesn't matter how many folders you keep password backup files in or how many are on a single disk. However, because you must never change the file name (userkey) or file extension (.psw), they have to be stored in separate folders to avoid a name collision.

Forgotten Passwords and No Recovery Disk Available

If you've forgotten your Windows password, you won't be able to create a password reset disk. There are, however, several things you can do to try to get in. If there are multiple users with accounts on the computer, you could have another user reset the password for you. Try one of several ways to find lost Windows passwords.

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