Computers, Laptops & Tablets Accessories & Hardware 567 567 people found this article helpful How to Burn an ISO File to a USB Drive Detailed instructions on 'burning' an ISO image to a USB flash drive by Tim Fisher General Manager, VP, Lifewire.com Tim Fisher has 30+ years' professional technology support experience. He writes troubleshooting content and is the General Manager of Lifewire. our editorial process Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Tim Fisher Updated on September 11, 2020 Accessories & Hardware The Quick Guide to Webcams Keyboards & Mice Monitors Cards HDD & SSD Printers & Scanners Raspberry Pi Tweet Share Email So you have an ISO file that you want on a flash drive, or some other USB storage device. You also need to be able to boot from it. Sounds straightforward, right? Copy the file over and you're done! Unfortunately, it's not that simple. Properly burning an ISO to USB is different than just copying the file. It's even different than burning an ISO to a disc. Adding to the complexity is that you plan on booting from the USB drive once you're done getting the ISO image on there. Lifewire / Tim Liedtke See Burning an ISO to USB When You Don't Need to Boot From It at the bottom of the page if that's your plan instead. That process is a bit different...and easier! We should mention here that you're never technically "burning" anything to a USB drive since there are no lasers or similar technology involved. This term has just been carried over from the common practice of burning an ISO image to an optical disc. Regardless, there's a fantastic free tool that will handle all of this for you automatically. Continue on below for an easy tutorial on how to burn an ISO file to USB with the free Rufus program. How to Burn an ISO File to a USB Drive This process also works to burn a Windows 10 ISO to USB. However, doing so via Microsoft's Windows 10 download and installation tool is best. Our How and Where to Download Windows 10 piece explains everything you need to know. Time Required: "Burning" an ISO image file to a USB device, like a flash drive, usually takes less than 20 minutes but the total time depends a lot on the size of the ISO file. Download Rufus, a free tool that will correctly prepare the USB drive, automatically extract the contents of the ISO file you have, and properly copy the files contained within it to your USB device, including any files in the ISO needed to make it bootable. Rufus is a portable program (doesn't install), works on Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista, and XP, and will "burn" an ISO image file to any type of USB storage device you happen to have. Be sure to choose Rufus <version> Portable on their site. If you'd prefer to use a different ISO-to-USB tool, some other good ones include balenaEtcher, UNetbootin, ISO to USB, and Universal USB Installer. Of course, if you do choose another program, you won't be able to follow the instructions we've written here because they pertain specifically to Rufus. Double-click or double-tap on the rufus-<version>p.exe file that you just downloaded. The Rufus program will start right away. As we mentioned earlier, Rufus is a portable program, meaning that it just runs as is. This is a big reason why we prefer this ISO-to-USB program over some of the other options out there. When first opening Rufus, you're asked whether the program should occasionally check for updates. It's up to you whether you want to enable this but it's probably best to choose Yes if you plan to use Rufus again in the future. Insert the flash drive or other USB device into your computer that you want to "burn" the ISO file to, assuming it's not already plugged in. Burning an ISO image to a USB drive will erase everything on the drive! Before continuing, check that the USB drive is empty or that you've backed up any files you want to keep. From the Device drop-down at the top of Rufus, choose the USB storage device you want to burn the ISO file to. Rufus tells you the size of the USB device, as well as the drive letter and current free space on the drive. Use this information to double-check that you're choosing the correct USB device, assuming you have more than one plugged in. Don't worry about the free space indicated since you'll be erasing the entire drive as part of this process. If no USB drive is listed, or you can't find the drive you're expecting to see, there might be an issue with the USB device you're planning on using for the ISO image, or Windows is having some sort of problem seeing the drive. Try another USB device and/or another USB port on your computer, or close and reopen Rufus. From the Boot selection drop-down, make sure Disk or ISO image (Please select) is chosen. Choose SELECT. Locate and select the ISO image you want to burn to the flash drive, and then press Open to load it into Rufus. Wait while Rufus inspects the ISO file you chose. This might take several seconds or may go by so quickly that you don't even notice. If you get an Unsupported ISO message, the ISO you chose isn't supported for burning to USB by Rufus. In this case, try one of the other programs listed in Step 1 or check with the maker of the ISO image for more help getting their software to work from a USB drive. Under the Image option area, pick Standard Windows installation if you see this and if that's the case. For example, if you're putting a Windows installation ISO image onto the flash drive, and you get this option, you'd want to enable it for sure. Leave the Partition scheme, Target system, File system, and Cluster size options alone unless you know what you're doing or you've been advised to set any of those parameters to something else. For example, maybe a bootable tool you downloaded in ISO format advised on its website to make sure the file system is FAT32 instead of NTFS if you're burning to USB. In that case, make that change before continuing. You're welcome to enter a custom volume label in the Volume label field, but leaving it at whatever the default happens to be, or even blank, shouldn't have any impact on anything. Under Format Options, inside the Show advanced format options menu, you'll see a number of... yes, format options! You can leave all of them in their default state but you're welcome to select Check device for bad blocks if you have some concern that the flash drive or USB device you're using may have an issue. Choosing 1 pass is just fine in most cases but knock that up to 2 or more if you've had issues with this drive before. Select START to start the "burning" of the ISO file to the USB device you chose. If you get an Image is too big message, you'll need to use a larger USB device or choose a smaller ISO image. Read any warning messages and address them appropriately. For example, select OK to the WARNING: ALL DATA ON DEVICE 'XYZ' WILL BE DESTROYED message that appears next. Take this message seriously! Make sure the flash drive or other USB device is empty or that you're fine with erasing everything on it. You might also see a Download required message if Rufus needs some additional files to complete the burn process. Selecting Yes will start that download. Wait while Rufus properly formats the USB drive so it's bootable, and then copies all of the files to the drive that are contained in the ISO image you selected in Step 7. The total time to do this depends very much on how large the ISO file is that you're working with. Some small diagnostic tools (like the 18 MB ONTP&RE ISO) take under one minute, while larger images (like a 5 GB Windows 10 ISO) could take closer to 20 minutes. Your computer and USB hardware speeds are a big factor here as well. Once the status at the bottom of the Rufus program window says READY, you can close Rufus and remove the USB drive. Booting From the USB Drive Now that the ISO file is properly "burned" to the USB drive, you can boot from it and then continue with whatever it is you're using this bootable drive for. For example, if you've put a memory testing program on a flash drive, you can now boot from that flash drive and test your RAM with it. Same goes for bootable hard drive testing programs, password recovery tools, data wipe programs, antivirus tools, etc. You're more than welcome to use the procedure we've outlined above with Rufus for Windows ISO images, like those you might have downloaded for Windows 10, Windows 8, etc. However, there is a more "official" procedure that uses free software from Microsoft. We've written complete tutorials on these procedures, which also includes guidance on other aspects of installing Windows from a USB stick. See How to Install Windows 8 From USB or How to Install Windows 7 From USB, depending on the version of Windows you're installing. Booting from a USB drive is often as easy as plugging the drive in to any free USB port and then restarting your computer, but it can sometimes be much more complicated. See our How to Boot From a USB Drive tutorial if you need help. Burning an ISO to USB When You Don't Need to Boot From It Rufus, and related ISO-to-USB tools, are great when you need to get some sort of bootable program, or even an entire operating system, onto a USB drive. However, what if you have an ISO image that you want to "burn" to a USB drive that isn't intended to be booted from? An ISO of Microsoft Office comes to mind as a common example. In these cases, think of the ISO image you're working with as just any other compressed format, like a ZIP file. Use your favorite file compression program—we often recommend the free 7-Zip tool but there are many others—to extract the contents of the ISO image directly onto the previously-formatted flash drive. That's it!