A Step by Step Guide to Installing openSUSE Linux

Modern openSUSE supports two different distribution types

Once a high-profile German distribution, openSUSE still performs well in DistroWatch rankings, although it's not as popular as it used to be. Modern openSUSE supports two separate variants — Tumbleweed, which offers bleeding-edge software in a rolling-release model, and Leap, which follows a typical static-distribution model.

Requirements for openSUSE

To run openSUSE on your computer, you must have:

  • A computer with a 2 Ghz dual-core processor using a processor architecture in the X86_64, i586, aarch64, or ppc64le families.
  • At least 2 GB of system memory.
  • A hard drive with at least 40 GB free.
  • An installer medium (network access, a DVD drive, or a USB port).

Installing openSUSE

Download the relevant ISO image for your preferred variant and system architecture. Burn the ISO to USB or DVD.

Reboot the computer, using the installation media as your boot source.

Follow the steps in the installer. The modern openSUSE installer offers a graphical installer with a step-by-step approach to the installation process.

opensuse installer

The installer is similar to any other Linux distribution. Some departures of note include:

  • System Analysis: This step checks for a network connection and prompts you to add online repositories during the installation process. You're still free to install openSUSE without a network connection, but connecting means you need not install the operating system and then immediately patch it after you're fully installed.
  • Online Repositories: The installer prompts a System Role screen that offers several different roles for the computer. Pick a desktop version using KDE Plasma, GNOME, or Xfce, or use a bare-bones desktop, a server, or a transactional server profile. Most people pick a desktop with your favorite desktop environment.
  • Disk: If you're setting openSUSE to work on part of a hard drive, use the Guided Setup feature or launch the Expert Partitioner tool. If you're installing it on an entire disk, it's usually fine to let the computer partition it by default. Let the default work as presented if you're installing in a virtual-machine environment like Hyper-V or OpenBox.

Post-Installation Procedures

After the installer completes, reboot into your new openSUSE distribution. As necessary, configure your networking, install relevant updates, and tweak your desktop environment to preference.