How To Digital Cameras What You Need to Know About Focal Length on a DSLR Convert 35mm Focal Lengths to APS-C Digital Cameras Share Pin Email Print Matthew Micah Wright/Getty Images Digital Cameras Key Concepts Basics Guides & Tutorials Tips & Tricks Tips for Mobile Photography by Jo Plumridge An experienced photography professional and writer for photography and travel venues. Updated April 06, 2019 Certain digital cameras require a focal length multiplier in order to ensure the photographer is getting the angle of view they are expecting. This only became a factor when photography transitioned from film to digital, and changes were made to many DSLR cameras that affected the focal length of common lens sizes. When pairing a digital camera with a lens, it is important to know whether or not a focal length multiplier needs to be considered—it could dramatically affect the lens that you purchase because you might be buying a lens that does not meet your specific needs. What Is the Focal Length Multiplier? Many DSLR cameras are APS-C, also called crop frame cameras. This means that they have a smaller sensor (15mm x 22.5mm) than the area of 35mm film (36mm x 24mm). This difference comes into play when referring to the focal length of lenses. The 35mm film format has long been used as a gauge in photography to determine the focal length of the lenses that many photographers are accustomed to. For instance, a 50mm is considered to be normal, a 24mm is wide-angle, and 200mm is telephoto. Since the APS-C camera has a smaller image sensor, the focal lengths of these lenses have to be altered using a focal length multiplier. Calculating Focal Length Magnifier The focal length multiplier varies between manufacturers. This can vary by camera body as well, though most manufacturers like Canon require you to multiply the lens' focal length by x1.6. Nikon and Fuji tend to use x1.5 and Olympus uses x2. This means that the image will capture a frame that is 1.6 times smaller than what would be captured with 35mm film. The focal length multiplier does not have an effect on the focal length of lenses used with a full-frame DSLR because these cameras use the same format as 35mm film. All of this does not necessarily mean that you are multiplying the full frame lens by the focal length magnifier; in fact, the equation looks something like this: In the case of a Canon APS-C with x1.6 it would look like this: Conversely, if you are putting an APS-C lens on a full-frame camera body (not advised because you will get vignetting), then you would multiply the lens by the focal length magnifier. This will give you your full-frame focal length. Think Angle of View It is more about the angle of view in relation to the capture size than the actual focal length of the lens, and so that 50mm lens is actually a wide angle lens on an APS-C. This is the challenging part for photographers who have been using 35mm film for years and it takes some time to wrap your mind around this new way of thinking. Concern yourself with the angle of view of a lens rather than the focal length. Here are some of the common lens sizes to visually help with the conversion: Angle of View(degrees) 35mm'Full-Frame' Canon x1.6APS-C 'Crop' Nikon x1.5APS-C 'Crop' Super Telephoto 2.1 600mm 375mm 400mm Long Telephoto 4.3 300mm 187.5mm 200mm Telephoto 9.5 135mm 84.3mm 90mm Normal 39.6 50mm 31.3mm 33.3mm Normal-Wide 54.4 35mm 21.8mm 23.3mm Wide 65.5 28mm 17.5mm 18.7mm Very Wide 73.7 24mm 15mm 16mm Super Wide 84 20mm 12.5mm 13.3mm Ultra Wide 96.7 16mm 10mm 10.7mm The Digital Lens Fix To avoid this problem, many camera manufacturers now produce specific "digital" lenses, which only work with APS-C cameras. These lenses still display regular focal lengths, and they still require focal length multiplication to be applied to them, but they are designed to only cover the area of the sensor used by crop frame cameras. They are usually a great deal lighter and more compact than normal camera lenses. Continue Reading Learn the Difference Between Full Frame vs. Crop Sensor How to Choose the Right DSLR Camera for Your Needs The 8 Best Portrait Lenses of 2019 The 8 Best Lenses for DSLR Cameras of 2019 Want to Take Better Photos? It's All in the Lens! What's the Difference Between Optical and Digital Zoom? The 8 Best Low-Light Video Cameras of 2019 What Do The Numbers on Your Camera's Zoom Lens Mean Anyway? The 7 Best Wide Angle Lenses for DSLR in 2019 The 8 Best Macro Lenses of 2019 What Is a Prime Lens? Everything You Need to Know A Beginner's Guide to Wide Angle Lenses Terminology to Know for DSLR Camera Lenses Got Camera Shake? An Anti-Shake Camera or Lens May Be in Order The 10 Best Mirrorless Cameras of 2019 What Is a Macro Lens?