Software & Apps Design The Essential Tools for Any Graphic Designer by Eric Miller Writer Eric Miller is a former Lifewire writer, freelance graphic designer, and owner of a web development and graphic design studio established in 1998. our editorial process Twitter Eric Miller Updated on October 10, 2019 Hero Images/Getty Images Design Graphic Design Photoshop Animation & Video 3D Design Tweet Share Email Graphic designers study the complex interplay between human psychology and the appearance of real-world things — advertisements, business cards, street signs — to align visual messaging to a targeted audience. Most designers learn their trade and their tools through study at a design school; however, amateur designers can usually obtain the same tools for their own hobby projects. Software MirageC / Getty Images Graphics and business-related software are key to your success. Some products, such as Photoshop and Illustrator, focus on the creative end of design. Other packages, such as project management or time tracking software, will help you stay organized and manage the business end of design. Books Jorg Greuel/Getty Images It's incredibly helpful to build up your own small library of graphic design books. Some should be for inspiration, some for technical help, and others to assist you on the business side of design. Good design, after all, isn't entirely subjective. To be most effective, a designer must channel his or her creativity along channels proven to be psychologically effective. A Sketch Pad Kathrin Ziegler/Getty Images While you're most likely to use a computer to complete a design, you don't have to start with one. Sketching out ideas is a great way to begin a project and brainstorm, and can be much quicker than mocking something up on a computer. It's also helpful to keep a small sketch pad or notepad handy because you can forget a great idea as fast as you thought of it. A Camera Lucas Batistel/EyeEm/Getty Images Designers aren't photographers, but smart designers carry a camera (even if it's just a smartphone camera) to capture visual inspiration as soon as it strikes. Other Creative Professionals Hero Images / Getty Images While you may not think of them as a tool, knowing other designers, illustrators, web developers, photographers, and similar creatives is important for three reasons: It's not easy to objectively critique yourself. Get opinions on your work and encourage constructive criticism to push your work to a higher level.Having others around to brainstorm with can bring about the best ideas.As you get projects that are more involved, you will need people to collaborate with. Find a group of people you can trust with different skill sets than your own so you can work on projects together.