What Is an EPS File?

How to Open, Edit, and Convert EPS Files

EPS Files
EPS Files.

A file with the EPS file extension is an Encapsulated PostScript file. They're typically used by drawing applications to describe how to produce images, drawings, or layouts.

EPS files can contain both text and graphics to describe how the vector image is to be drawn, but they also usually include a bitmap preview image "encapsulated" inside.

EPS is what early versions of the AI format was based on.

Encapsulated PostScript files may also use the .EPSF or .EPSI file extension.

Note: EPS is also an acronym for a number of technology terms that aren't related to this file format, like external power supply, Ethernet protection switching, events per second, embedded processor system, end point security, and electronic payment summary.

How to Open an EPS File

An EPS file can be opened and edited in vector-based applications. Other programs most likely rasterize, or flatten the EPS file upon opening, which renders any vector information uneditable. However, like all images, EPS files can always be cropped, rotated, and resized.

Since EPS files are often used to transfer image data between different operating systems, you may need to open an EPS file in Windows, specifically, or some other OS, even though it originated elsewhere. This is fully possible depending on the program you use.

EPS Viewer provides the easiest way to open and resize EPS files on Windows, so you should try it before other Windows EPS openers like Adobe Reader or IrfanView.

You can also view EPS files in Windows, Linux, or macOS if you open them in OpenOffice Draw, LibreOffice Draw, GIMP, XnView MP, Okular, or Scribus.

Ghostscript and Evince are two more examples of EPS openers for Windows and Linux.

Apple Preview, QuarkXpress and Design Science MathType are EPS openers for Mac, specifically.

To avoid having to download a program to use the EPS file, Google Drive functions as an online EPS viewer. Again, you don't have to download any application to use EPS files with Google Drive because it works entirely online through your web browser.

Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, Microsoft Word (through the Insert menu), and PageStream also support EPS files but they are not free to use.

If you find that an application on your PC does try to open the EPS file but it's the wrong application or if you would rather have another installed program open EPS files, see my How to Change the Default Program for a Specific File Extension guide for making that change in Windows.

How to Convert an EPS File

One easy way to convert an EPS file is to use Zamzar. It's a free file converter that runs in your browser that can convert EPS to JPG, PNG, PDF, SVG, and various other formats. FileZigZag is very similar but converts the EPS file to document file types like PPT, HTML, ODG, etc.

EPS Viewer lets you convert an open EPS file to JPG, BMP, PNG, GIF, and TIFF.

Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator can convert an open EPS file through their File > Save As... menus.

Tip: If you're looking for programs that can convert or save to the EPS format, Wikipedia has a great list, some of which include the programs mentioned above that can open EPS files.

Is Your File Still Not Opening?

If you can't open or convert your file with the programs and services from above, you might consider that you've misread the file extension and you don't actually have an EPS file. Some file extensions are spelled similarly and it can be confusing when reading and researching the file extension.

For example, ESP looks very similar to EPS but is instead the suffix used for plugins in The Elder Scrolls and Fallout video games. You'll most likely get an error if you try opening an ESP file with the EPS openers and editors from above.

EPP files are similar in that they look an awful lot like they read .EPS. In reality, EPP files are associated with several file formats but none of them are related to an Encapsulated PostScript file.

Are you sure you have an EPS file but the programs mentioned on this page aren't working like you think they should? See Get More Help for information about contacting me on social networks or via email, posting on tech support forums, and more. Let me know what kinds of problems you're having with opening or using the EPS file and I'll see what I can do to help.

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