How To Dual Boot Windows 8.1 And Fedora

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How To Dual Boot Windows 8.1 And Fedora

How To Dual Boot Windows 8.1 And Fedora
How To Dual Boot Windows 8.1 And Fedora.

Introduction

This guide shows how to dual boot Windows 8.1 and Fedora Linux.

Backup Your Computer

This is probably the most important step in the whole process.

Whilst this tutorial has been followed successfully lots of times before, there is always the odd occasion where something goes wrong due to a step being misconstrued or hardware not behaving quite as expected.

By following the linked guide below you will create recoverable media which can get you to the exact same position you were in before you started the tutorial.

Backup Windows 8.1

Make Space On Your Disk For Fedora

In order to be able to install Fedora alongside Windows 8.1 you will need to make space on the hard drive for it.

Windows 8.1 will be taking up most of your hard drive but it won't actually be using much of it. You can reclaim the space you need for Fedora by shrinking the Windows partition.

This is perfectly safe and easy to do.

Shrink Your Windows Partition

Turn Off Fast Boot

Windows 8.1 is set to boot quickly by default. Whilst as a user you benefit by seeing the desktop earlier, the actual devices on your machine are loaded later on.

The downside of this is that you can't boot from a USB drive.

The following guide shows how to turn off fast boot to allow booting from a USB drive. You can turn it back on after you have installed Fedora.

Turn Off Fast Boot (Just follow the page for turning off fast boot)

Create A Fedora USB Drive

Finally before starting the installation process you will need to actually create a Fedora USB drive. You do this by downloading the Fedora ISO and a special tool for creating bootable Linux USB drives.

The following guide shows how to create a Fedora USB drive.

Create a Fedora USB Drive

Boot Into Fedora

To boot into Fedora:

  1. Insert the USB drive
  2. Hold down the shift key from within Windows
  3. Restart the computer (keep the shift key down)
  4. When the UEFI boot screen loads choose "Use A Device"
  5. Choose "EFI USB Device"

Fedora Linux should now boot.

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The Fedora Installation Summary Screen

Fedora Installation Summary
Fedora Installation Summary.

Connect To The Internet Within Fedora

Before you start the main installation it is worth connecting to the internet

Click the icon in the top right corner and choose wireless settings. Click on your wireless network and enter the security key.

Start The Installation

When Fedora loads you will have an option to try Fedora or install it to the hard drive.

Choose the "Install To Hard Drive" option.

Choose The Installation Language

The first thing you will have to choose is the installation language.

Click on the language you wish to use and then click "continue".

The Fedora Summary Screen

The "Fedora Installation Summary Screen" shows all of the items which you can manipulate prior to making any physical changes to your disks.

There are four options:

  • Date and time
  • Keyboard layout
  • Partitioning
  • Network host name 

In the next few steps of this guide you will choose each of these options in order to setup your system.

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Set The Date And Time Whilst Installing Fedora Linux Alongside Windows 8.1

Set The Fedora Linux Time Zone
Set The Fedora Linux Time Zone.

Choose Your Timezone

Click on the "Date And Time" option from the "Installation Summary Screen".

You can set your date and time in a number of ways. In the top right corner there is an option for network time.

If you set the slider to the on position the date and time will be automatically selected when you either click on your location on the map or indeed if you choose the region and city in the top left corner.

If you set the slider to the off position you can set the time by using the up and down arrows on the hours, minutes and seconds boxes in the bottom left corner and you can set the date by clicking on the day, month and year boxes in the bottom right corner.

When you have set the timezone click on the "Done" button in the top left corner. 

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Set The Keyboard Layout Whilst Installing Fedora Linux Alongside Windows 8.1

Fedora Keyboard Layout
Fedora Keyboard Layout.

Choose Your Keyboard Layout


Click on the "Keyboard" option from the "Installation Summary Screen".

The keyboard layout will probably have been automatically set. 

You can add further layouts by clicking the plus symbol or remove keyboard layouts by clicking on the minus symbol. These are both located in the bottom left corner.

The up and down arrows next to the plus and minus symbols change the ordering of the keyboard layouts.

You can test the keyboard layouts by entering text into the box in the top right corner. 

It is a good idea to try out special symbols such as £, $, ! | # etc

When you have finished click the "Done" button in the top left corner

Choose A Host Name

Click on the "Network & Hostname" option from the "Installation Summary Screen".

You can now enter a name which will enable you to identify your computer on your home network.

When you have finished click the "Done" button in the top left corner. 

Click here to find out what a hostname is.

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How To Set Up Partitions Whilst Installing Fedora Alongside Windows 8.1

Fedora Dual Boot Partitioning
Fedora Dual Boot Partitioning.

Setting Up Fedora Partitions

From the "Installation Summary Screen" click on the "Installation Destination" link.

As long as you followed the guide for shrinking Windows 8.1, setting the partitions up for dual booting Fedora and Windows 8.1 is incredibly simple.

Click the hard drive that you wish to install Fedora onto.

Now click the "Automatically Configure Partitioning" radio button.

If you wish to encrypt the data on your Fedora partition check the "Encrypt My Data" box.

(Click here for an article discussing whether it is a good idea to encrypt your data)

Click the "Done" button in the top left corner to continue.

If you shrunk the Windows partition properly and you have enough space for installing Fedora then you will return to the "Installation Summary Screen".

If however a message appears stating that there isn't enough free space you have either not shrunk Windows properly or there just isn't enough free space left over even after shrinking Windows. If this is the case you will need to find ways to free disk space on the Windows partition in order to safely shrink the Windows partition enough to install Fedora alongside it.

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Set The Root Password Whilst Installing Fedora Alongside Windows 8.1

Fedora Install - Set Root Password
Fedora Install - Set Root Password.

Start The Installation


Click the "Begin Installation" button to start the installation process.

You will notice a little progress bar with text telling you what is currently happening.

There are also two further installation items to configure:

  1. Set Root Password
  2. User Creation

In the next couple of pages you will configure these items

Set The Root Password

Click on the "Root Password" option from the "Configuration" screen.

Enter a strong password and then repeat it in the box provided.

Note: The little bars will show how strong your password is. If your password is considered too weak then a message will appear in the orange bar at the bottom telling you so when you click "Done". Either change the password to something more secure or click "Done" again to ignore the message.

(click here for a guide showing how to create a strong password)

Click "Done" after you have entered the password to return to the configuration screen.

Create A User

From the "Configuration" screen click the "User Creation" link.

Enter your full name, a user name and enter a password to be associated with the user.

You can also choose to make the user an administrator and you can select whether the user requires a password.

The advanced configuration options allow you to change the default home folder for the user and the groups that the user is a member of.

You can also specify the user id manually for the user. 

Click "Done" when you are finished.

Summary

When the files have been copied and installed you will need to reboot your system.

During the reboot remove the USB drive.

When the computer starts to boot you should see a menu with options for running Fedora 23 and Windows Boot Manager.

You should now have a fully working Windows 8.1 and Fedora Linux dual boot system.

Try out these guides to get the most out of Fedora:

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