Create a Chalkboard Effect Graphic in Photoshop

 Chalkboard graphics are all the rage online at the moment and this tutorial will show you some tips that you can use if you want to create your own. This is a great technique for adding graphics to blog posts, particularly for crafts subjects.

For the purposes of this tutorial, I've used a few free bits'n'bobs from the web which you can also use yourself. The two fonts are Eraser Regular and Seaside Resort and the chalkboard backgrounds have come from Foolishfire. These free versions of the backgrounds have been designed for use online, but they also offer a hi-res version that you can purchase if you are producing a graphic for print.

You may also want to download our simple frame graphic. However, do feel free to use any fonts or suitable graphics that you already have on your computer.

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Open the Chalkboard Background and Place the Frame

open chalkboard background
Text and images © Ian Pullen

The chalkboard background set contains three different options that you can use, so you can select your favorite from a gray, blue or green background.

Go to File > Open and navigate to where your selected background was saved.

Chalkboards used for display commonly have painted elements on them and so the first thing that we're adding to ours is a simple frame. Go to File > Place and select the frame PNG, clicking the Place button to import it into the background file. You may need to resize the frame by clicking and dragging one of the eight drag handles around the outer edges, before hitting the Return key or double clicking on the frame.

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Add the First Text Section

adding text
Text and images © Ian Pullen

This first piece of text is also meant to be painted and so doesn't have the roughness of chalk. I've used Seaside Resort for this as it has a nice feel that is in keeping with chalkboards and also because its designer has licensed the font for use in personal and commercial projects.

Now, click on the Text tool in the toolbox and then click on the chalkboard at about the halfway point near the top. In the tool options bar that is located below the menu bar, you should click on the button to center align the text. If the Character palette isn't open, go to Window > Character and then select the font that you want to use from the drop down menu. You can now type in your text and use the size input box to adjust it to fit. If necessary, switch to the move tool and drag the text into position if it's not quite right.

When you're happy with this text, we can move on to adding some chalk writing.

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Add Some Chalky Text

add chalky text
Text and images © Ian Pullen

This step is basically exactly the same as the last, but this time you want to select a chalk style font. I've selected Eraser Regular as it's a good fit for the job and its designer has made it available for all to use as they wish. As with all fonts and graphics that you download to use in your designs, it is important to ensure that you're complying with the terms of use. Many free fonts are only free for personal use, with a requirement to pay for a license for commercial use.

When you've added some chalky text to your design, we can move on and look at how you can add images that have a chalky feel.
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Convert an Image to Bitmap

convert an image to bitmap
Text and images © Ian Pullen

In the real world, chalkboards rarely have detailed images on them, but we're not in the real world right now, so let's look at how we can add photos that have a bit of a chalky appearance.

First up, you'll need to select an image to use. Ideally find something with a simple subject (I selected a self-portrait) that doesn't include lots of intricate detail. Open your photo and if it is in color, go to Image > Mode > Grayscale to desaturate it. This technique works best with images that have strong contrast and so you may want to tweak it a little. An easy way is to go to Image > Adjustments > Brightness/Contrast and increase both sliders.

Now go to Image > Mode > Bitmap and set Output to 72 DPI and in the Method, set Use to 50% Threshold. If you don't like the way the image looks, you can go to Edit > Undo and try tweaking the brightness and contrast and try converting to a bitmap again. It is possible that some images will never convert as well as you like using this method, so be prepared to select a different image if that is the case.

Assuming that the bitmap conversion has gone okay, you need to go to Image > Mode > Grayscale, leaving the Size Ratio set to one, before you can continue to the next step.

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Add the Image to Your Chalkboard

adding the image to the chalkboard
Text and images © Ian Pullen

To add your image to the chalkboard you just have to click on it and drag it onto the chalkboard window. If you have Photoshop set up to open your files in a single window, just right click on the tab of the image and select Move to New Window. You can then drag it across as described.

If the image is too large, go to Edit > Transform > Scale and then use the grab handles to reduce the size of the image as required. You can hold down the Shift key while dragging to keep the image proportions unchanged. Double click the image or hit the Return key when the size is correct.

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Add a Mask and Adjust the Blending Mode

add a mask and adjust blend mode
Text and images © Ian Pullen

In this last step, we will make the image look a bit more as if it has been drawn on a chalkboard.

The first problem with the image is that the black areas don't match the chalkboard itself, so we need to hide these areas. Select the Magic Wand tool (the fourth tool down in the toolbox) and click on a white area of the image. Now go to Layer > Layer Mask > Reveal Selection and you should see that the black areas disappear from view. In the Layers palette, there will now be two icons on the image layer. Click on the left hand icon and then change the Blending Mode drop down menu at the top of the Layers palette from Normal to Overlay.

You'll see that the texture of the chalkboard now shows through the image making it look more natural. In my case, it also made it a little pale, so I went to Layer > Duplicate Layer to add a copy on top which made the white a bit richer, while still keeping the chalkboard texture visible.

That's all there is to this technique and you can easily adapt it by using different fonts and also other decorative elements, like frames and swatches. A few minutes with Google should find you plenty of free resources that you can use for your personal projects.

Find more Chalkboard Crafts.