Computer Network Topology, Illustrated

Bus Network Topology

Bus Network Topology Diagram
Bus Network Topology.

A computer network topology is the physical communication scheme used by connected devices. These pages illustrate the common computer network topology types including bus, ring, and star. More complex networks can be built as hybrids of two or more of these basic topologies.​

This diagram illustrates the bus network topology. A bus topology such as 10Base-2 or 10Base-5 Ethernet uses a single communication backbone for all devices.

Ring Network Topology

Ring Network Topology Diagram
Ring Network Topology.

This diagram illustrates the ring network topology. A ring topology such as FDDI or SONET sends messages clockwise or counterclockwise through the shared link.

Star Network Topology

Star Network Topology Diagram
Star Network Topology.

This diagram illustrates the star network topology. A star topology typically uses a network hub or switch and is common in home networks.

Mesh Network Topology

Mesh Network Topology Diagram
Mesh Network Topology.

This diagram illustrates the mesh network topology. A mesh topology provides redundant communication paths between some or all devices (partial or full mesh).

Tree Network Topology

Tree Network Topology Diagram
Tree Network Topology.

This diagram illustrates the tree network topology. A tree topology integrates the star and bus topologies in a hybrid approach to improve network scalability.