Common Commands

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Common Commands

 

  • View Directories: - ls
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    The ls (LiSt) lists files in different colors with full formatted text

  • Create Directories: - mkdir (directory name)
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    The mkdir (MaKeDIRectory) command will create a directory.

  • Change Directories: - cd (/directory/location)
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    The cd (ChangeDirectory) command will change from your current directory to any directory you specify.

  • Copy Files/Directories: - cp (file or directory name) (to directory or filename)
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    The cp (CoPy) command will copy any files you specify. The cp -r command will copy any directories you specify.

  • Remove Files/Directories: - rm (file or directory name)
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    The rm (ReMove) command will delete any filename you specify. The rm -rf command will remove any directory you specify.

  • Rename Files/Directories: - mv (file or directory name)
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    The mv (MoVe) command will rename/move any file or directory you specify.

  • Find Files/Directories: - locate (file or directory name)
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    The locate command will search your computer for any filename you specify. It uses an index of the files on your system to work quickly: to update this index run the command updatedb. This command is run automatically each day, if you leave your computer on. It needs to be run with administrative privileges.


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You can also use wildcards to match one or more files, such as "*" (for all files) or "?" (to match one character).

For a more thorough introduction to the Linux command line, please read the command line introduction on the Ubuntu wiki.

 

* License

* Ubuntu Desktop Guide Index