Creating Chapters and Titles on Home Recorded DVDs

Find that special video scene on your homemade DVDs

DVD recording used to be very popular, but with the increased implementation of copy-protection, on-demand internet streaming, cable/satellite DVRs, and the analog-to-digital TV transition, recording onto DVD is not as common as it once was.

However, one of the great things about DVD recording is saving your memories onto a physical disc for later playback. With a physical copy, you can store it on a shelf and play it whenever you want.

On the other hand, you might not always want to watch the entire disc, but only a specific portion. In addition, if you forget to label your disc, you might not remember everything that is on it.

You can always put the disc in your player and fast or skip forward using the time elapsed counter, but if the disc has chapters, similar to what you find on commercial DVDs, it would be a lot easier to find and play what you want.

There are two ways you can organize the content on your DVD recording: Automatic Indexing or Creating/Editing Titles and Chapters.

Automatic Indexing

On most DVD recorders, as you make your DVD, the recorder will typically insert automatic index marks about every five minutes on the disc. 

If you are using a + or - RW (re-writable) recordable DVD disc or, you have a DVD recorder hard drive combo where you can temporarily store a recording before copying it to DVD, you also have the option (depending on the recorder) to insert or edit your own index marks.

You can't make changes on a DVD- or +R disc as they are not rewritable, once something is recorded it can't be edited or deleted. 

Index marks are invisible and don't appear on the DVD's menu. Instead, they are accessed through the Next/Previous (Back) buttons on your DVD recorder or player remote when you play the disc back.

The DVD recorder that the disc was recorded on will recognize these marks when the disc is played back. However, if you play the disc back on another DVD recorder or player, it may not recognize these marks, but most players will. Unfortunately, you won't know this ahead of time, especially if playing on a player you don't normally use. If you have other DVD players in your home, test your recorded disc on them to see if the index marks work on playback. 

Creating or Editing Titles and Chapters

The other way you can organize your DVD is by creating Chapters (sometimes also referred to as Titles). 

The exact steps to create and edit chapters or titles may vary depending on the brand/model of DVD recorder and recordable DVD disc format used. Consult your user guide if needed.

To create chapters on most DVD recorders, you must record a series of video segments separately. This means if you want to have six chapters on your DVD, you record the first segment, stop the recording process (rec stop, not rec pause) – then start the process over again.

LG RC897T DVD Recorder VCR Combo - DVD-RAM Disc Menu

If you are recording a series of TV programs using a DVD recorder timer system, each recording will have its own chapter/title as the recorder stops recording one program and starts recording another. Of course, if you are recording two programs back-to-back without stopping and restarting, they will be in the same chapter.

DVD Recorder Auto Title
Sony Pro

Every time you start a new segment, a separate chapter is created automatically on the DVD's menu, which you can go back and add or name/rename a chapter/title using an onscreen keyboard. 

Magnavox MDR Series DVD Recorder Chapters Example
Magnavox

Typically, the automatically created chapter/titles are usually date and time stamps so the ability to add a name or other custom indicator can allow easier chapter identification.

It is important to point out that there may be some variations in the look of the DVD menu and additional editing capabilities depending on the DVD format used, or whether you are using just a DVD Recorder or DVD recorder/Hard Drive combo). For example, chapters may be designated within longer title segments. However, the basic structure outlined above is fairly consistent across the board when using basic standalone DVD Recorders.

The PC Option

If you wish to be more creative, with respect to creating a more professional looking DVD with chapters, titles, graphics, transitions, or add audio tracks (great for making camcorder videos look good), it's best to use a PC or MAC equipped with a DVD Burner, in conjunction with the appropriate DVD editing or authoring software.

Elgato Video Capture Software – Trim
Elgato

Depending on the specific software used, you may be able to create a DVD menu that looks similar to what you may find on a commercial DVD.

The Bottom Line

Similar to a VCR, DVD recorders provide a way for consumers to record video content onto a physical format that can be conveniently played back later. However, DVD recorders also provide the added perk of better video recording quality, depending on the source and record mode used.

A DVD recorder also provides automatic indexing as well as basic chapter/title creation on compatible discs that enable an easier way to find points of interest on the recorded disc when playing it back.

The chapter/title creation capabilities of DVD recorders are not as sophisticated as what you will find on a commercial DVD, but if you have the time, instead of using a DVD recorder, the proper PC/MAC DVD editing/authoring software can provide you with more creative options.