The 10 Biggest Technological Advances Since 1844

From the telegraph to the smartphone, this tech has changed the world

On May 24, 1844, Samuel F.B. Morse sent the first telegraph: "What hath God wrought?" The phrase, taken from the bible, was selected by the daughter of one of Morse’s friends. Since then, the way we communicate has evolved in leaps and bounds to the point where the device we (sometimes) use for phone calls can fit in our pocket and has more processing power than the room-sized computers of the 60s. New technology has connected us in many ways, making it easier to communicate and get around.

Over the past 175 years, we’ve seen an array of emerging technologies. Here are ten of the most significant technological advances since 1844.

The Telephone — 1876

Old Time Message
doug4537 / Getty Images

Just over thirty years after Morse sent the first telegraph, Alexander Graham Bell made the first phone call. His first words were: “Mr. Watson, come here – I want to see you.” (Mr. Watson was his assistant.) Eventually, Bell’s invention paved the way for making phone calls to people worldwide, not just in the next room. And now, of course, most of us carry a smartphone or cell phone every day.

The Light Bulb — 1880

Farmer's Market nakid light bulb and blurred crowd of people
Eriko Tsukamoto / Getty Images

A few years later, Edison let there be light with the incandescent bulb. It’s difficult to appreciate what an incredible invention this was — until you’re dealing with a power outage and your only light source at night is candlelight. We can avoid ever being in the dark with smart light bulbs that you can turn on and off with a virtual assistant like Alexa or Google Assistant

The Television — 1927

Old television on stand, in front of curtain
Steven Errico / Getty Images

Before appointment TV and binge-watching, movie theaters were king. They’re still the best venue for seeing blockbuster films, but the invention of the television paved the way for the home entertainment we enjoy now. The first TV sets were black and white; then came color TVs and the ever-convenient remote control.

In 1997, Fujitsu released the first Plasma TV, a four-inch-thick model that you could mount on the wall. Plasma eventually gave way to LCD and OLED technologies; in 2014, LG and Samsung discontinued the production of plasma TVs due to lower demand. Many people watch movies and TV shows on their smartphones, tablets, or laptops, though flat-screen TVs are still popular.

Personal Computers — 1970s

alter IBM Compter von 1981
EdnaM / Getty Images

First arriving as what we'd consider today to be pretty rudimentary machines (or even as kits), they were computers in all sense of the word.

Personal computers didn't take off in the personal sense until Apple introduced the Apple II line of computers in 1977. They were sold at stores and included software that expanded what it could do beyond simple programming. The first spreadsheet, ViscCalc, was available on the Apple II line.

The personal computer we all know today exploded once IBM introduced the IBM PC in 1981. Once businesses adopted it, the entire industry expanded to produce all the products we know and use today.

Global Positioning System — 1970s

Satellite in foreground, Earth and rising Sun in background

Launched in 1973, the Global Positioning System (GPS) became fully operational in 1995. Originally called Navstar GPS, the U.S. government owns it, and the U.S. Air Force operates it. The system can triangulate data and pinpoint your location, and it powers the GPS devices and apps that people use now to get around.

The Internet: ARPANET — 1973

Arpanet Map from May 1973
ARPANET /Public domain

It’s hard to imagine a computer without the Internet or the web. In the early eighties, ARPANET, a precursor to the Internet, was created with funding from the U.S. Department of Defense and the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (hence the acronym). The network shut down in 1990. The World Wide Web (WWW) became popular in the mid-90s, through services like AOL. 

It’s common for people to conflate the two terms The internet is a global computer network running standardized communication protocols, while the WWW consists of public sites connected to the Internet.

GPS Navigation — 1990s

San Francisco, California scenics
Robert Alexander / Getty Images

Thanks to GPS (see above), getting lost is becoming a more and more rare occurrence.

Now, most of us use GPS in the form of digital maps like Google Maps. You could say that Google Maps brought GPS navigation to your desktop (and eventually your mobile devices), making planning trips and exploring new cities and localities a breeze.

Navigation software has evolved to include traffic information, transit schedules, and walking and biking directions to get from point A to point B any way you like.

The Digital Camera — 1990s

3rd Annual Kodak Awards, February 15, 2019
Getty Images for Kodak Motion Picture & Entertainment / Getty Images

Technically, the first digital camera was invented by Kodak in the 1970s. It took a while before the technology made its way into the ancestors of the products we use today.

Kodak introduced its first professional digital camera in 1991, but it was mounted on a Nikon film camera. By the mid-1990s, digital cameras not based on the body of a film camera were readily available (although the quality wasn't excellent).

Digital cameras are everywhere now, from security cameras to smartphones, and laptop and desktop computers. Even the least expensive product with a camera embedded in it is far better than those cameras from the early days.

Web Browser — 1994 

Mosaic web browser
Programm: National Center for Supercomputing Applications/CC0

Surfing the web was made more comfortable with the arrival of Mosaic, a web browser that was significantly more intuitive than its predecessors. Compatible with Windows, Mosaic was accessible to the masses, not just tech types, though Netscape Navigator eventually dethroned it. But we can thank Mosaic for giving us modern browsers like Chrome and Firefox. 

Social Media — 2004

Facebook's Sign Up Page

Love it or hate it (or both), but Facebook (initially The Facebook), which launched out of Mark Zuckerberg’s dorm room, was the first social media platform to gain worldwide popularity. From connecting with the people you went to high school to planning protests against the government, Facebook brings people together. Of course, it also causes all sorts of strife, including hate speech and “fake news,” which the platform struggles to contain. 

The Modern Smartphone — 2007

Steve Jobs Unveils Apple iPhone At MacWorld Expo
David Paul Morris / Getty Images

While smartphones existed in the early 2000s, it took Apple to bring them to the masses. Before Apple launched the iPhone, Nokia owned the cell phone game and even had smartphone-like devices, but the user experience was lacking.

And just one year after the iPhone's launch in 2007, Steve Jobs announced the App Store in 2008, which changed the game for good. Soon, millions of people (and now billions thanks to Android and other operating systems) began installing software that extended the capabilities of the computer in their pockets.

The preceding list is not exhaustive, but it includes some of the most significant inventions and innovations of the last 175 years, which affect our daily lives. So, what’s next? It could be self-driving cars, robot assistants, or something we haven’t even thought of yet.