Best Products Computer & Laptops 217 217 people found this article helpful The 8 Best Laptops for Under $500 Find the best touchscreen, design, portable laptop and more by Yoona Wagener Writer Yoona Wagener has a background in content and technical writing. She has written for BigTime Software, Idealist Careers, and other small tech companies. our editorial process LinkedIn Yoona Wagener Updated on November 23, 2020 The Ultimate Laptop Buying Guide The Ultimate Laptop Buying Guide Introduction Laptop Basics Laptop Size & Weight Guide Laptop Networking Guide Laptop Memory Buyer's Guide Laptop Processor Buyer's Guide Display & Graphics Guide Types of Laptop Drives Guide Netbook vs Laptop Hybrid vs Convertible Laptop Understanding Laptop Warranties Best Laptops Best Laptops Best Places to Buy a Laptop Best Linux Laptops Best Windows Laptops Best Laptops for Under $200 Best Laptops for Under $500 Best Touchscreen Laptops Best Laptops at Walmart Best Workstation Laptops Best Laptops by Size Best 14- to 16-Inch Laptops Best 13-Inch Laptops Best 17-Inch and Larger Laptops Best Lightweight Laptops Best Mini Laptops Best Laptops by Brand Best Lenovo Laptops Best Dell Laptops Best Acer Laptops Best ASUS Laptops Best HP Laptops Best Gaming Laptops Best Gaming Laptops Best Gaming Laptops for Battery Life Best Gaming Laptops for Under $1,000 Best Gaming Laptops Under $1,500 Best Laptops for Fortnite Best Laptops by Lifestyle Best Business Laptops Best Laptops for College Students Laptops for Engineering Students Best Laptops for Graphic Design Best Laptops for Kids Best Laptops for Photography Best Laptops for Video Editing Best Laptops for VR Best Laptops for Writers Individual Laptop Reviews Acer Aspire E 15 Review Apple MacBook Pro 13-Inch (2019) Review HP 15-BS013DX Review HP Notebook 15 Review HP Pavilion 15z Touch Review HP Spectre x360 15t Touch Review Best Laptop Accessories Portable Battery Chargers Compact Desks & Stands Rolling Laptop Bags Best Laptop Backpacks Best Laptop Bags Laptop Cases and Sleeves Laptop Cooling Pads Best Laptop Mounts Laptop Computer GPS Tweet Share Email Our editors independently research, test, and recommend the best products; you can learn more about our review process here. We may receive commissions on purchases made from our chosen links. The Rundown Best Overall: Acer Aspire 5 at Amazon Best Value: ASUS Chromebook C202SA-YS04 at Amazon "It passes the 3.9 feet drop test and has a spill-resistant keyboard." Best for College Students: ASUS VivoBook L203MA at Walmart "Plenty of power and speed to handle day-to-day class work and basic applications" Best Display: HP 14-Inch Micro Edge Laptop at Amazon "Gives you plenty of graphics processing power to handle popular games like Fortnite as well as CAD programs like Photoshop." Best 2-in-1: HP Chromebook x360 (2020 Model) at Amazon "If you’re looking for versatility from your laptop, the HP Chromebook x360 is hard to top." Best for Productivity: Lenovo IdeaPad 3 at Lenovo "The lightweight Lenovo IdeaPad 3 offers a pleasant blend of advanced hardware that supports speedy and easy daily use." Best Budget: HP Stream 11 at Amazon "The budget-friendly HP Stream 11 is a champion for the basics." Best for Productivity: Lenovo Chromebook Duet at Best Buy "Portability and productivity are the bread and butter of the Lenovo Chromebook Duet." in this article Expand Our Picks About Our Trusted Experts About Our Trusted Experts Some of the best laptops under $500 do nearly everything larger and more expensive models do. Seizing the opportunity to save some money doesn’t mean you have to compromise in the areas that matter most when purchasing a laptop. The most worthy products check off all the boxes when it comes to portability, display quality, and ease of use. Beyond the reasonable price point, the best budget-minded laptops will be easy to use at home or travel with. Many Chromebook are particularly portable and friendly to youngsters and students who will be using them for limited tasks. You should be able to get through a full work or school day with a laptop under $500, but if you want a little more longevity, there are models that can oblige with bigger battery capacities. And if you have very specific uses for a laptop—for business or distance learning—display quality, 2-in-1 versatility, wireless connectivity standards, and even the ability to boost memory or graphics could be big-ticket items to consider. Other factors to weigh while you shop include the operating system (OS), storage, and port situation. If you have a preference for a certain OS or you want something as family-friendly as possible, parental controls or system limitations can create convenient safeguards. Many affordable laptops also offer handy cloud storage integrations, but if you know you like to back things up on an external hard drive, make sure the ports support your gear. The same goes for hooking up the machine to an external display or whatever other accessories you like to use with your laptop. Our top pick, the Acer Aspire 5, is a pleasantly well-rounded machine for under $500. It supports Wi-Fi 6, comes with a generous selection of USB ports, and features a bright, 15.6-inch full high definition display and a speedy solid-state drive for fast daily computing. The others on our list of the best laptops under $500 offer appeal to students, families, and professionals alike. Best Overall: Acer Aspire 5 3.5 Buy on Amazon Buy on Acer.com What We Like Vibrant 15.6-inch display Wi-Fi 6 Lots of ports What We Don't Like Battery lasts only 8 hours The Acer Aspire 5 is a capable multitasker for a variety of tasks, thanks to an Intel Core i3-1005G1 processor, 128GB SSD, 4GB of RAM, and Wi-Fi 6 connectivity. If you’re looking for a machine that can handle routine computing and streaming, this should be more than fine for your purposes. But if you’re interested in speedier processing for multiple tasks and maybe even some light gaming, you can easily upgrade both the memory and graphics cards, which is a perk for shoppers who want that flexibility. The 15.6-inch full HD 1920x1080 display has a thin bezel for more focus on what’s on the screen, and tools for adjusting blue light exposure and color saturation offer protection to the eyes over long hours of screen time. While the Acer Aspire 5 lacks a very long-lasting battery, the 8-hour capacity is enough to get you through the work or school day. It comes loaded with Windows 10 in S Mode, which you can easily switch out of if you prefer. But even if you leave it as-is, the Aspire 5 offers efficient performance for general tasks and three USB ports and an HDMI port for convenient connectivity options. “The Acer Aspire 5 A515-55-378V is a capable multitasker for day-to-day tasks.” — Yoona Wagener, Lifewire Technology Writer and Product Reviewer Best Value: ASUS Chromebook C202SA-YS04 3.6 Buy on Amazon What We Like Very portable Great value Impressive battery life What We Don't Like Limited features Screen on the smaller side If you’re looking for an inexpensive but hardy laptop, the Asus Chromebook C202SA-YS04 more than fits the bill. While it weighs only 2.9 pounds, it’s enclosed in heavy-duty protective rubber that’s durable against drops from nearly 4 feet off the ground. And the keyboard can also withstand the occasional spill (up to 66 cubic centimeters of fluid) without much concern. The drawback to the petite form factor is the small 11.6-inch, 1366x768 display. The anti-glare treatment makes up for the limited viewing area, as does the ability to flex the hinge completely flat for viewing the screen with others. The impressive battery life of up to 10 hours and 1-year of free 1000GB Google cloud storage also offsets the limitations of the 1.6 GHz Intel Celeron N3060 processor and 4GB of RAM. You also have several USB ports to work with to store files on an external drive and access to the Play store for downloading supported Android apps. Asus Chromebook C202SA Review "The C202SA has a unique enough look while not crossing the line into looking like a child’s toy." — Jeremy Laukkonen, Product Tester Best for College Students: ASUS VivoBook L203MA Buy on Walmart What We Like Lightweight and compact 10 hour battery life One year of Office 365 included What We Don't Like No Keypad Windows 10 in S Mode only allows Microsoft Store apps College students shopping for an affordable notebook that can keep up with research, reports, and collaboration will find a steady multitasker in the Asus Vivobook L203MA-DS04. While the 11.6-inch 1366 x 768 display is crisp, it’s quite small. That should be fine for students that want a portable build. Battery included, this Vivobook weighs only 2.2 pounds, which won’t weigh you down or be a hassle to carry around campus. It’s also easy to share your work with classmates by taking advantage of the fold-flat display. And you won’t have to worry about charging frequently since the battery has up to 10 hours of staying power. This lightweight machine also has the internals to keep up with multiple projects at once without delays or sluggish loading times, thanks to the capable Intel Celeron N4000 process, 4GB of RAM, and 64GB of flash storage. These specs should provide more than enough flexibility for classroom work and leisure too. Plus, a free full year of Microsoft 365 offers an added productivity boost. Best Display: HP 14-Inch Micro Edge Laptop Buy on Amazon Buy on Walmart What We Like AMD Radeon Vega 3 graphics HP Fast Charge-compatible Speedy processor What We Don't Like Windows 10 in S Mode Battery lasts only up to 8 hours Shoppers interested in an affordable laptop under $500 that can do more than just the basics will find a fit in the HP 14-Inch Micro Edge Laptop. The 14-inch display doesn’t have the thinnest bezel on the market, but it’s more minimal than some and creates a balanced 78% screen-to-body ratio. This model houses an AMD Ryzen 3 3200U processor and AMD Radeon Vega 3 graphics that deliver reliable speed and stepped-up visuals for a variety of tasks. You can also rely on smooth and speedy loading times and sufficient storage, thanks to the 4GB of DDR4 RAM and 128GB SSD capacity. That means this laptop is capable of your average computing demands as well as performing more intensive tasks such as photo editing and mid-weight gaming. To get the most out of the capable hardware and impressive graphics with programs like Photoshop or games like Fortnite you’ll likely want to uninstall Windows 10 in S Mode, the default OS. And while the battery is capable of reaching 8 hours, more taxing programs could shorten that capacity. The good news is that a quick charge of 45 minutes should restore the battery to half full. Best 2-in-1: HP Chromebook x360 (2020 Model) 4.5 Buy on Amazon What We Like 12.5 hours of battery life HP Fast Charge-capable Touchscreen 360-degree hinge What We Don't Like A little bulky If you’re looking for versatility from your laptop, the HP Chromebook x360 is hard to top. This convertible laptop offers several use modes: laptop-style, tented, and tablet. Touchscreen prompts and keyboard and trackpad flexibility allow you to adapt the way you interact with the machine, and the clear 14-inch FHD display has a ratio of 88%, which gives the impression of edge-to-edge viewing. The HD camera also supports a wide 88-degree viewing angle perfect for group chats. This versatile Chromebook features Bang & Olufsen dual speakers and 64GB of flash storage in addition to the 4GB of DDR4 RAM, gigabit Wi-Fi and Wi-Fi 6 support, and extra security measures including a fingerprint reader and camera privacy cover. All of this functionality comes in a slightly heavy and larger build for a Chromebook at about 3.5 pounds, but this well-designed 2-in-1 is built to go the distance with a 12.5-hour battery capacity and fast-charging capability that restores the battery to 90% in just 90 minutes. Best for Productivity: Lenovo IdeaPad 3 Buy on Lenovo The lightweight Lenovo IdeaPad 3 offers a pleasant blend of advanced hardware that supports speedy and easy daily use for checking email, toggling through spreadsheets, video conferencing, and whatever else the average work or school day brings. Inside the conveniently portable 3.3-pound build, the Ryzen 5 3500U processor and AMD Radeon Vega 8 graphics card, 8GB RAM, and 265GB SSD provide substantial speed, impressive visuals, and ample storage for any of these routine tasks. The 1020x1080, 14-inch FHD display is bright and framed by a thin bezel to put the focus on whatever you’re working on. And there’s a convenient shutter cover you can slide over the webcam for privacy. While the battery maxes out at 7 hours, it charges quickly and you can switch between battery-saving and max modes depending on whether you need a little more speed or want to conserve battery power. Another downside is that there is no USB-C port, but three USB ports and an HDMI out port offer flexibility for most accessories. "The full HD screen and snappy performance make productivity tasks a breeze." —Alan Bradley, Senior Tech Editor Best Budget: HP Stream 11 3.7 Buy on Amazon Buy on HP What We Like Decent battery life Solid speakers Extremely lightweight What We Don't Like Underwhelming display Sluggish performance at times HP Stream 11 Review At just around $220, the budget-friendly HP Stream 11 is a champion for the basics. If you’re looking for an inexpensive notebook for media streaming, you’ll be impressed by the Stream 11’s ability to keep up. There’s even a built-in Netflix app for quick-launching and streaming. Another surprising treat that’s great for streaming is the solid stereo speakers. Though they’re on the bottom of the laptop, I found them to be clear and free from muffling or echoing during testing. The only catch to the streaming support is that that 11.6-inch 1366 x 768 HD display isn’t very generous or bright. If you get the right angle, it’s adequate for a marathon streaming session. It’s best to temper expectations about performance and speed from the Intel Atom x5 E8000 1.04Ghz processor and 4GB of RAM, which could bring up issues with sluggishness when multitasking for work or school. But for computing basics, the hardware, respectable battery life of at least 8 hours, and the selection of HDMI, USB (including USB-C), and microSD ports offer well-rounded connectivity at an attractive price. “The HP Stream 11 performs the basics well in a portable form factor and with a capable battery and impressive speakers.” – Yoona Wagener, Product Tester Best for Productivity: Lenovo Chromebook Duet Buy on Best Buy Buy on Walmart Buy on EBay What We Like Weighs 1 pound in tablet mode Boots in under 10 seconds Detachable keyboard Battery lasts up to 10 hours What We Don't Like Keyboard could be cramped for some Portability and productivity are the bread and butter of the Lenovo Chromebook Duet. This lightweight 2-in-1 Chromebook clocks in at just under 1 pound in tablet mode and is compact enough to fit in a larger jacket pocket. If you leave the detachable keyboard intact with the display and cover (with a convenient kickstand), that only increases the total weight by an additional pound. The machine still isn’t very large when in laptop mode, which could create some awkward arm positioning for some. The same goes for the touchpad, which is quite small and could feel cramped with prolonged use. But it’s delightfully fast to boot (under 10 seconds) when you need it. The 10.1-inch 1920x1000 display is an FHD screen and is also compatible with USI stylus use for even more user flexibility. While the MediaTek Helio P60T Processor and 4GB of RAM aren’t robust enough for very demanding workloads, regular multitasking between apps, streaming, and web browsing will be quite manageable for up to 10 hours on a single charge. For shoppers who want the ultimate portability, on-the-go productivity, and the Chrome OS, this Chromebook fills those needs with flying colors. "This compact 2-in-1 serves up ample portability and versatility for lightweight multitasking." – Yoona Wagener, Lifewire Technology Writer and Product Reviewer Final Verdict All things considered, the Acer Aspire 5 earns our top position for its affordability, quality 15.6-inch display, and speedy performance for day-in, day-out productivity. It’s Wi-Fi 6 compatibility, input variety, and upgradeable internals are also big draws for the price point. For fans of Chromebooks and convertible laptops, we recommend the HP Chromebook x360. This versatile Chromebook can be used as a notebook, tablet, or rotated to a tented orientation. For well under $500, it has a little bit of everything—from a generous FHD display to B&O speakers, a fingerprint reader, and a battery that lasts up to 12.5 hours. About Our Trusted Experts Yoona Wagener is a technology and commerce writer. She writes about tech and tests wearables, peripherals, gadgets, and laptops for Lifewire. Jeremy Laukkonen attributes his success in writing about technology to his past experiences that taught him the importance of breaking down complex technical subjects in understandable ways. Patrick Hyde has over four years of experience writing about technology and working in digital marketing. He has written for Los Angeles Review of Books, Reactual, Rawkus, and Waremakers. Taylor Clemons has over three years of experience writing about games and consumer technology. She has written for IndieHangover, GameSkinny, TechRadar and her own publication, Steam Shovelers. Emmeline Kaser is an experienced product researcher and reviewer in the field of consumer tech. She is a former editor for Lifewire’s product testing and recommendation round-ups. The Ultimate Laptop Buying Guide The tech landscape may have changed a ton over the past decade or so, with the advent of the smartphone and now the rise of the smartwatch, but there’s one thing that has remained a constant for some time—the computer, and specifically the laptop, is still the center of many’s digital lives. But buying a laptop hasn’t necessarily become any easier. In fact, thanks to technology improvements that allow for things like 2-in-1s (laptops that double as tablets), buying a laptop may well have become more difficult. There are dozens of things to consider when buying a laptop. For starters, you’ll want to think about the type of laptop you want—whether it's a basic laptop, a 2-in-1, one specifically built for gaming or one that's more for business. Then, you’ll want to think about the operating system you want your new laptop to run (Mac OS, Chrome OS or Windows). Next up are the specs under the hood (RAM, storage, graphics, etc.)—which will directly correlate with what you want to use your computer for. Last but not least, you’ll need to think about things like ports, display quality, weight, and more. While buying a laptop can be challenging, we’ve put together this guide to make it just a little bit easier. Read on to find everything you need to know when it comes to buying a laptop. Lifewire / Jeremy Laukkonen Product Types Before deciding on the specs and design features, you’ll want to zoom out a little and figure out the form-factor of the laptop you want. There are a few different kinds of laptops, and the one that you want may depend on what you want to use your computer for (are you a big gamer, a light user or do you use it primarily for business?). Here are the main types of laptops. Basic Laptops A basic laptop is essentially a laptop that doesn’t convert into a tablet, isn’t ultra-thin and powerful like an ultrabook, and doesn’t have features specifically for gaming. Of course, just because basic laptops don’t offer any fancy features, that doesn’t mean that they’re not worth buying. If you don’t need special features like a detachable display, then buying a computer that can’t do that may well save you some cash. Because basic laptops are a little less expensive than some of the other kinds of laptops on this list, basic laptops are a great choice for students, those buying a laptop as a secondary computer, or those that simply don’t want to drop much cash on a laptop. Lifewire / Jordan Provost 2-in-1s The 2-in-1 has fast become one of the more popular types of laptops, largely because of the fact that they’re so versatile. 2-in-1s are devices that function as both a laptop and as a tablet, meaning that they can be used for watching TV in bed, or working at a desk—and everything in between. There are actually two different kinds of 2-in-1s, and the difference between them may be important for some. First is the detachable 2-in-1: With a detachable, the display of the laptop actually detaches from the keyboard, meaning you can literally use it as you would any other tablet. The downside to this is that there’s a limited amount of space for things like the processor and battery. Because of that, detachable 2-in-1s are often slightly lower-powered than convertible ones. Sometimes, detachable 2-in-1s get around this by including two processors (one in the display, the other in the main body), or only including a small battery in the display portion, and a larger battery to be used when the display and keyboard are attached. The other kind of 2-in-1 is the convertible 2-in-1, and convertible 2-in-1s can’t split into two separate parts. Instead of the display detaching from the keyboard, it can rotate all the way around—putting the keyboard on the bottom and the display on the top of a slate-shaped device. The resulting tablet is a little thicker than on a detachable 2-in-1, but often more powerful thanks to the extra space for internal components. 2-in-1s are a great choice for those who like thing idea of a device they can use to watch movies in bed just as easily as for work at a desk. They’re also great for those that travel a lot, as they’re a little better at fitting into tight spaces, which is perfect for those ever-shrinking economy seats on planes. Lifewire / Jordan Provost Ultrabooks Ultrabooks are generally considered to be the cutting edge of laptop design, and they’re most often pretty powerful, too. They’re usually aimed at being slim, portable, and lightweight—meaning they’re a great choice for those who want a powerful device they can take with them on the go. Often, ultrabooks have a few trade-offs to keep a slim profile. For example, they may not include things like a DVD drive (but how many people need that these days?), or they may include lower-power processors that don’t use up as much battery life, meaning that these laptops can get by with smaller batteries. That’s not to say they’re not powerful, though, Intel’s mobile chips are getting increasingly stronger, and able to handle most things people will throw at them. A lot of people who have more than a couple hundred dollars to spend on a laptop probably either want a 2-in-1, or an ultrabook. These devices are built for versatility and performance, and probably the best choice for use beyond the absolute basics. Gaming Laptops Gaming laptops are built for performance, but often the emphasis on performance means compromising a little on design. Generally, gaming laptops are a little thicker and bulkier than their consumer-focused counterparts, but with all that extra space, manufacturers are able to fit more powerful processors, larger batteries, and often even graphics processing units, or GPUs. Gaming laptops also often have high-resolution displays, and enough ports for external displays, gaming mice and keyboards, and more. As you might expect, a gaming laptop is best for those who play graphics-intensive games on the go. Those who game casually may not need to spend the cash on a dedicated gaming laptop because most everyday laptops will be able to handle basic gaming. Business Laptops Business laptops may also double as be ultrabooks or 2-in-1s, and they usually try to strike a balance between performance and portability. If you’re someone running from meeting to meeting, you probably want a laptop that’s relatively light, yet still able to handle endless spreadsheets, PowerPoints, etc. After all, time is money. At the same time, you probably want something that’s durable and able to handle life on the road. Business laptops aim to strike a compromise between all of these things, but some are a little bulkier than others. A computer’s operating system is essentially the software that runs on it, and it has a massive effect on overall customer experience. Those in Apple’s ecosystem, and who use devices like the iPhone and Apple TV, are probably better suited to a computer with macOS on it. Others, especially those who have grown up using it, will prefer to stick with Windows. And those who need something basic and easy to use may like using Google’s Chrome OS. Note that you don’t necessarily have to choose one operating system if you don’t want to. Technically, Mac computers can run both Windows and macOS through Bootcamp, which is software designed to load Windows onto Mac computers. It’s a little harder to get other combinations of operating systems, however. Here’s a rundown of the different operating systems for computers, and the main differences between them. Windows Microsoft Windows is by far the most popular operating system for computers, though that doesn’t mean it’s necessarily the best. The reason it’s so popular is because it’s highly capable, and because Microsoft licenses it out to third-party companies looking to make their own computers. The most recent version is Windows 10, which is updated regularly by Microsoft. There are a few advantages to using Windows over other operating systems. For starters, Windows has the widest selection of apps and games available to it. This is particularly important if you’re a gamer—while there’s a pretty good selection of apps for other operating systems, those really into gaming will want to choose Windows over other operating systems. Another reason to go for Windows is the fact that there is a much wider selection of devices available than other operating systems. As mentioned, Microsoft licenses Windows out to other companies—unlike Apple, with macOS. Because of that, you can find Windows laptops across all price ranges, with all different configurations. The user interface of Windows is generally easy to use, though some consider it not quite as simple as Apple’s macOS. If you’ve used Windows for a while, you should be able to get around it very easily—but even if you haven’t, getting a grasp on the operating system shouldn’t be too difficult. Last but not least is security, and while Windows has long been considered the weakest operating system when it comes to security, it is getting better, thanks largely to the fact that Microsoft has been updating Windows so frequently. Still, it might be useful to install anti-virus software on your Windows computer. Lifewire / Jeremy Laukkonen MacOS Apple’s macOS is also very popular, though it may never reach the heights of Microsoft, thanks to the fact that, like we said, Apple does not license macOS out to third-parties. Because of that, you can only find the macOS operating system on Apple-built devices—barring any illegal hacks that people have been made to get macOS working on other devices. There are a number of advantages to using a macOS computer over other laptops. For starters, macOS is a little more user-friendly than Windows, plus it works very well with other Apple devices, like the iPhone and iPad. Apple is continuing to make macOS work better with the iPhone and iPad, too—the latest version, macOS Mojave, allows you to take a photo with your iPhone for direct use in Apple’s office apps. Of course, there are some downsides to the ease of use that comes with macOS. For starters, there are far fewer games available for macOS than for Windows computers. On top of that, there aren’t currently any Apple devices with macOS that support touchscreens, so if that’s important to you, you’ll need to go for a different operating system. Chrome OS Chrome OS is Google’s computer operating system, and it has a few advantages of its own (and a few disadvantages, too). Chrome OS is a little different than the other operating systems on this list in that it’s largely Web-based. That’s to say, to use many of the features in Chrome OS, you’ll need to be connected to the Internet. Thankfully, however, Google has been changing that a little in the past year or so. These days, Chrome OS can even run many Android apps, opening the operating system up to a range of extra features that otherwise wouldn’t be available. It’s likely to get better, too—Google updates Chrome OS very regularly, and the latest version, at the time of this writing, is Chrome OS 68. Still, considering the limited number of features available, Chrome OS is perhaps the easiest operating system to use, and most of the “apps” on Chrome OS open to the Web anyway. What this means is that Chrome OS doesn’t take much power to run well. Chrome OS is also pretty cheap, and is open to third-party manufacturers, meaning that there’s a range of Chrome OS devices available. While form factor and operating system are very important factors to consider, specifications under the hood also have a huge impact on overall performance. When a laptop has better specs, it will likely perform faster, and for longer. But those better specs, of course, cost more money. Here’s a rundown of the main laptop specifications to consider. Processors The processor, or Computer Processing Unit (CPU), can be considered the brain of a computer. Everything you do on a computer takes processing (though sometimes certain things can be processed by a Graphics Processing Unit, or GPU), meaning that ensuring you get a computer with a decent processor can be pretty important. We’re not going to dive deep into how processors work, but we’ll go over the basics. Clock speed essentially determines how quickly a processor runs—but a processor with a higher clock speed won’t always perform faster than one with a lower clock speed. That’s because some processors have more “cores.” With two cores, a processor can process two tasks at a time. With four, it can process four things. And so on. Intel’s processors are the most common chips, and you’ll generally be buying laptops with Intel processors in them—regardless of operating system and form factor. The Intel Core i3 is the entry-level series of Intel Core i chips, with the Intel Core i5 being the mid-range, the Intel Core i7 being the high-end, and the newer Intel Core i9 being ultra high-end. Other Intel chips, like the Intel Celeron and Intel Pentium series, are sometimes features on low-end computers. It’s also important to keep in mind that with computer processors, newer is almost always better. If you have the choice between a laptop with an 8th-generation Intel Core i5 chip, and one with a 6th-generation Core i5 chip, go with the 8th-gen device. Lifewire / Jeremy Laukkonen RAM RAM, or Random Access Memory, essentially determines how much space the computer has to store files for immediate use. Apps and services that are open on your computer are being stored in RAM, where the processor can quickly get to them if it needs to. Generally speaking, more RAM is better, but there are trade-offs to that. For example, more RAM can have an effect on battery life. Not to mention that more RAM means the laptop will often be more expensive. The sweet spot for most people seems to be around 8GB of RAM, though more may be helpful for some. Any less than 8GB makes sense for budget computers where you won’t be doing much more than Web-browsing and basic media consumption, but any more than that, and you’ll want at least 8GB. Storage Storage is exactly what it sounds like: Where you’ll store all your files and media. But there are different types of storage to consider, too. Once upon a time, the hard drive reigned supreme, but these days solid-state drives (SSD) are your best bet. They’re faster, slimmer, and they don’t have any moving parts, which means that it’s far less likely that they’ll fail. There is a big trade-off to using a solid-state drive, and that’s price. Solid-state drives are much more expensive than hard drives, despite the fact that they’re going down in cost. Still, we think it's worth buying one with SSD. And if you want to cut down on cost, you could get a laptop with a smaller SSD and some cloud storage (like Dropbox or Google Drive) as you’re not storing terabytes of movies. Most will want to get around 256GB or more of storage if possible, though, for those that don’t expect to store much media on their computer and are good at offloading files through cloud storage, 128GB might be enough. Graphics Card Laptops generally do away with GPUs simply because of the fact that most CPUs have basic built-in graphics processing capabilities, and because GPUs often take up a lot of room. Still, the likes of Nvidia and AMD have put a lot of resources into developing mobile GPUs over the past few years, and these days you can find some laptops with dedicated graphics processing. Most people, however, don’t need one. If you’re a hardcore gamer or work in video or image editing, then it may be worth getting a laptop with a dedicated graphics card like the Nvidia GeForce MX150 built-in, but if you’re an average user who wants to browse the Web, use social media, watch movies, use Microsoft Word, and other basic tasks, then a GPU just isn’t necessary. Specs under the hood have a big effect on performance, but the design may impact your work-flow, too. The design doesn’t just refer to how stylish a laptop is; it also includes the built-in ports, the display on the device, and any outside features. Here are a few design elements to consider. Display The display of the laptop may or may not be important to you, but it can have a significant impact on the computer as a whole. For starters, you’ll want to think about the display size. Computers generally have up to a 17-inch display, down to as little as 11-inches, but the sweet spot for most seems to be in the 13-inch range. You’ll also want to consider display resolution. The higher the resolution, the clearer the image will be. Lower-end laptops probably have a resolution in the 1366 x 768 range, but if you can afford it, it’s worth getting a computer with at least a 1920 x 1080 resolution. Ports While the world is increasingly going wireless, the ports on your computer are still important to keep in mind. Most computer accessories connect through the USB port, whether it be the older USB-A shaped port or the newer USB-C (which are used for a range of different purposes, including connecting things such as keyboards and mice, external hard drives, and more). Plenty of new laptops do away with USB-A in favor of USB-C, which is smaller, faster, and reversible. Keep that in mind if you have older accessories and you choose to buy a laptop without USB-A ports, you’ll need to also buy adapters to use your older accessories. Unlike USB, HDMI ports are specifically used for video data and are commonly used to connect to an external display. Many smaller computers do away with the HDMI port, so if you plan on using a second display or connecting your computer to your TV from time to time, you’ll want to check and make sure that your new computer has one. Some, however, use a miniaturized form of the HDMI port called Mini-HDMI, but to use that you’ll need a special Mini-HDMI to HDMI cable. There are a few other ports to check on. You’ll probably want a headphone jack for audio use, and you might want an SD card slot for importing photos from your camera. Lifewire / Jeremy Laukkonen Webcams Most laptops have a camera built right into them for video chatting, and most of the time they’re good enough for that purpose. Webcam placement does change a little depending on the model—most laptops have their webcam above the display, while some have it beneath the display, and some newer models even have a pop-up camera built into the keyboard. Webcam quality will probably be perfectly fine on most new laptops. In case you’re worried about it, any laptop with at least a two-megapixel camera or higher should be more than adequate. Disc Drives In recent years, laptops have done away with the disc drive since streaming has hit the mainstream. Still, some might prefer being able to play DVDs and CDs from their laptop, and if that’s you, you’ll want to look for a computer with a disc drive or buy an external disc drive that can plug into your computer through the USB port. We feel most people can get away without a disc drive built into their laptops, and even those who really need one can still buy an external one. Still, laptops with disc drives built right in do still exist, despite their rarity. The main features to consider when buying a new laptop are outlined above, but there are a few other things that some might want to keep in mind. We’ll go over them below. Weight As you might expect, weight is usually a byproduct of size—you can’t get away with buying a 17-inch laptop without having to carry around a little extra weight. That said, there is some weight variation, and it’s a good idea to keep that in mind when buying a laptop. For example, the lighter 13-inch laptops might have a weight of around 1.5 to 2.5 pounds, while heavier ones might range up to 3.5 to 4 pounds. Fifteen-inch models usually range from around 2.5 pounds to up to 6 pounds for a heavy gaming laptop, while 17-inch laptops can weigh anywhere between 4 to 10 pounds or sometimes even more. Battery Life Because laptops are portable, their battery life can have a big impact on customer experience. Battery size is measured in milliampere hours, but there are a number of different things that can impact how long batteries can last. For example, a small battery on a device with a smaller display may last longer than a device with a larger battery and a larger display. To make matters worse, laptop manufacturers often measure batteries under totally ideal situations, so when a manufacturer says that a laptop will last 10 hours, you may only get seven or eight hours of use. That doesn’t mean you should ignore those metrics completely though; it just means to take them with a grain of salt. Still, a rating of 10 hours is fine for most, while a rating of 13 hours or more is quite good. Of course, how you use a laptop has perhaps the biggest effect on battery life. Streaming from Netflix all the time takes up a lot more battery than simple Word processing. To check how long a laptop’s battery lasts, we recommend looking at reviews before you buy a device. Touchscreens Touchscreens are commonplace on 2-in-1 laptops, but some laptops that aren’t 2-in-1s also have touchscreens. If you like the idea of being able to interact with your content with your hands, then it’s worth checking if a laptop has a touchscreen. Of course, there are major trade-offs to having a touchscreen. Touchscreen computers are generally more expensive, for starters. On top of that, you’ll be limited to Windows or Chrome OS computers—no Apple computers currently offer touchscreens. Lifewire / Jeremy Laukkonen Conclusion Clearly, there are many things to consider when buying a laptop, so if you're still a bit puzzled, here's a quick recap. Ultimately, you should first decide on an operating system. If you end up choosing Windows, decide on a form factor, then come up with your budget and create a list of features that are important to you. There will most likely be a computer that fits your list of wants and needs (and then you'll have your clear "winner"). If you choose macOS as your operating system, you’re a little more limited in the models you can go for (you’ll have to choose between the MacBook Air, standard MacBook, or MacBook Pro). Last but not least is Chrome OS, and there aren’t many high-end Chrome OS laptops available just yet, except for the Google Pixelbook. Other Chrome OS devices are a little more inexpensive. When it comes to specs we recommend, there are a few things to look for. We think you should look for a computer with at least an Intel Core i3 processor, 8GB of RAM, and 256GB of storage. As an upgrade, an Intel Core i5 processor is a good way to go and will ensure your laptop lasts a little longer and performs a little better. Power users could go one step further and get a laptop with an Intel Core i7 chip—and there are Intel Core i9 chips, too, though the vast majority of people just don’t need to spend the kind of money required a Core i9 laptop demands. Rest assured, no matter what you’re looking for from a laptop, there’s something for you and hopefully, with your new-found knowledge of laptop features, you’re now better equipped to find that perfect device.