Where to Find the Best Free Java IDEs

An illustration of Java and a computer.


Java remains one of the most popular programming languages in the world, a position fostered by the language's simplicity as well as the robust ecosystem of integrated development environments on the market that support both general and specific coding objectives.

While many IDEs are part of a paid enterprise development stack, Java programmers enjoy access to several powerful and well-designed IDEs that are free, open source, or both. We highlight five of the most popular.

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Eclipse software logo

Eclipse, which has been around since 2001, has been immensely popular with Java developers. It is open source software that is often used in the development of commercial projects.

Featuring a variety of useful plugins, the best aspect of this platform is its ability to arrange projects into workspaces called Perspectives, which are visual containers that offer sets of views and editors.

Eclipse is robust and can handle large development projects that include analysis and design, management, implementation, development, testing, and documentation.

Eclipse offers a wide choice of options to developers, the most recent of which is Eclipse Oxygen, which debuted in 2017.

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IntelliJ IDEA

IntelliJ software logo

Yet another popular IDE for Java developers is JetBrains’ IntelliJ IDEA, available as both a commercial Ultimate version and as a free Community download version.

Offering support for several build systems, this platform features intuitive code completion, code analysis, integration with unit testing frameworks, a full-featured database editor, and a UML Designer.

Hundreds of plugins are available for IntelliJ IDEA. Additionally, this platform features tools for Android app development. 

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netbeans logo

The NetBeans IDE offers advanced features and support for Java, PHP, C/C++, and HTML5, which helps the developer build desktop, web, and mobile applications

This platform, which boasts a worldwide community of developers, is open source. Use NetBeans with all versions of Java from Java ME to the Enterprise Edition.

NetBeans offers database support, which the other free IDEs don't. Using its Database Explorer, you can create, modify, and delete databases and tables in the IDE.

NetBeans is in the process of moving to Apache.

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Oracle Jdeveloper screen

Developed by Oracle, JDeveloper is a powerful IDE that simplifies the process of development of Java-based SOA and EE applications.

This platform offers end-to-end development for Oracle Fusion middleware and Oracle Fusion applications. It allows for development in Java, SQL, XML, HTML, JavaScript, PHP, and other languages.

Covering the entire development ​lifecycle from design, code development, debugging, optimization, profiling, and deploying, the platform focuses on simplifying app development to the maximum possible extent. 

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example of the java IDE available through bluej

If you're a beginner, the BlueJ Java IDE might be right up your alley. It works on Windows, macOS, Ubuntu, and other operating systems.

Because this IDE is best for beginning developers, it has a robust Blueroom community to help users understand the software and find support.

You can install a handful of extensions to BlueJ — such as a remote file manager and multiproject workspace handler — to add or modify capabilities not offered in the base program.

The open source BlueJ project is supported by Oracle.