Software & Apps File Types 28 28 people found this article helpful What Is a 7Z File? How to open, edit, and convert 7Z files by Tim Fisher General Manager, VP, Lifewire.com Tim Fisher has 30+ years' professional technology support experience. He writes troubleshooting content and is the General Manager of Lifewire. our editorial process Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Tim Fisher Updated on August 03, 2020 File Types Design Cryptocurrency MS Office Windows Linux Google Drive Apps File Types Backup & Utilities View More Tweet Share Email A file with the 7Z file extension is a 7-Zip Compressed file. It's a bit like a folder on your computer, except that it really acts like a file. Both a folder and a 7Z file can store one or more files, and even other folders. However, unlike folders, this is just a single file with the .7Z extension that serve as a compressed archive of the data. You'll most likely only see one when you download files from the internet that are bundled together, like computer software programs, picture albums, collections of documents...basically anything that might be downloaded best in a smaller, compressed form. Some 7Z files are broken up into smaller chunks to make it easier to send or store them. They end up with a different file extension, like .7Z.001. How to Open a 7Z File They can be opened with a growing number of compression/decompression programs, but the free 7-Zip tool, created by the makers of the format, is probably your best on Windows. It lets you not only extract (open) but also create your own 7Z files. p7zip is the command-line version of 7-Zip for Linux. PeaZip is another favorite that supports extraction from, and compression to, the 7Z format on both Windows and Linux. For macOS; Keka or The Unarchiver, both free, are two great alternatives for extracting files out of one. Commander One is another option. Sometimes, even after you've installed a file extractor program, just double-clicking won't open the file. A quick and simple workaround is to right-click the file and then choose to open it in the decompression program. In 7-Zip, this can be done via 7-Zip > Open archive, which will open the 7Z file in 7-Zip File Manager. If you want to preselect a program that will always open 7Z files when you double-click them, see our How to Change File Associations in Windows guide. Although this will let you change the program that automatically opens 7Z files, you can always use a different tool at any time by opening the other file extractor first and then loading the file from there. There are also lots of free online 7Z file openers that don't require you to download any software at all, and that work on any operating system with a modern web browser. These work by having you upload it to the website for the extraction process, where you can then download individual files out of it. ezyZip, B1 Online Archive, and Unzip-Online are a few free online 7Z file openers. If you need to open one on a mobile device, free apps like iZip (iOS) and 7Zipper (Android) should work. How to Open 7Z Part Files Do you have multiple 7Z files that need to be opened together? If it's been split into different parts, you must join them together in a very specific way in order to make the original file that you can then extract normally. For example, maybe you have a part1.7z, part2.7z, part3.7z, etc. This can be confusing because if you open just one of those, you'll likely find another file called something.001, and that pattern continues with each of the other 7Z files. It's a bit confusing to grasp if you've never dealt with multipart 7Z files, so we suggest you read through these steps at Nexus Wiki for some picture instructions on how to combine them to ultimately get to the content that's stored away in those parts. The instructions at Nexus Wiki are for opening something specific, and so the file names won't be the same as your files, but you can still use the steps to open anything similar that has multiple 7Z parts. Those instructions are also relevant only for 7-Zip. How to Convert a 7Z File Remember that a 7Z file is really just like a folder that contains one or more files. This means you can't convert one to PDF, DOCX, JPG, or any other format like that. Tasks such as those require the files to first be extracted out of the archive and then individually converted with a different file converter. Instead, the only other file formats that one can be converted to are other archive formats, like ZIP, RAR, ISO, etc. The easiest and quickest way to convert a small 7Z file is to use an online service. Zamzar is one in particular that can convert one to a number of other archive formats, like ZIP, TAR, LZH, and CAB. Two other examples are CloudConvert and Convert Files, which are websites that can convert 7Z to RAR for free in your browser, as well as to other formats like TGZ. Like Zamzar, reserve these sites for smaller 7Z files since you have to upload the whole archive to the site before you can convert it, and then it needs to be downloaded in order to save it. See these Free File Converters for Occasionally Used Formats for some other websites that can convert one. If yours is large, or you want to convert 7Z to ISO, then it's probably best to use a dedicated, "offline" compression/decompression program, like IZArc, TUGZip, or Filzip. More Information on 7Z Files 7Z is an open file format under the GNU Lesser General Public License. The 7Z file format was originally released in 1999. It supports file sizes up to 16 billion GB. The format doesn't store file system permissions. This means that you can't set the permissions of files, store them in a 7Z file, and expect the same permissions to be retained when you extract them. AES 256-bit encryption can be used on 7Z files to prevent them from being opened unless the password is known. The 7-Zip program lets you choose five different compression levels when making a new file, from Fastest to Ultra. You can even choose Store if you'd rather not compress it, which will be quicker to create and extract files for later but will also take up the most storage space. If you do choose a compression level, you can pick from various compression methods, including LZMA2, LZMA, PPMd, and BZip2. Some other options when using 7-Zip to make a 7Z file include picking a different dictionary size, word size, solid block size, number of CPU threads, and more. Once a 7Z file has been created, you can add new files to it by simply dragging the files into the folder when it's open in 7-Zip (and probably other file compression programs, too). Our Review of 7-Zip If you're interested in reading the specifics on the format, we recommend visiting 7-Zip.org. Still Can't Open the File? If the programs and websites mentioned above weren't enough open the 7Z file, then it's probably not really a 7-Zip Compressed file! What's likely is that you've misread the file extension... Z7 is one example of a file extension that could easily be misread as a 7Z file. Z7 files are Z-machine Z-code Version 7 files used by a gaming engine, specifically the Z-machine engine for old text adventure games. Windows Frotz and Zoom are two programs that should be able to open Z7 files.