How Is Used?

The IP address is a common router IP address is a private IP address. It's often the default IP address for certain models of home broadband routers, typically ones sold outside of the United States. This IP address is also assigned to individual devices within a home network when the router has an IP address of While this is the default IP address for some routers, any router (and computer, printer, smart TV, and tablet) on a local network can be set to use

As a private IP address, as opposed to a public address, does not need to be unique across the internet, but only within its local network.

How to Connect to

It is usually not necessary to access the router's administrative console. Still, you might have to if you have connection problems or are setting up the router for first-time use, like to make a Wi-Fi network, change the router password, or set up custom DNS servers.

If a router uses address on the local network, you can log in to its administrative console by entering its IP address into a web browser as a regular URL like

The router prompts for an administrator username and password. A router's default username and password are usually available online. Most use admin or 1234 as the password, and some write the password on the bottom of the router. The username is often blank or may be root. login page

Here are lists of default usernames and passwords for popular router manufacturers: Linksys, Cisco, D-Link, NETGEAR.

If you don't know the password, reset the router to restore the default credentials.

Why Is So Common?

Manufacturers of routers and access points must use an IP address within the private range.

An illustration of the devices that use the IP address
Lifewire / Miguel Co

Early on, mainstream broadband router manufacturers like Linksys and NETGEAR chose the 192.168.1.x address as their default. Although this private range technically begins at, most people think of a number sequence as starting from one rather than from zero, making the logical choice for the beginning of a home network address range.

With the router assigned this first address, it then assigns addresses to each device on its network. The IP thus became the common initial assignment.

Assign to a Device

Most networks assign private IP addresses dynamically using DHCP. This means that a device's IP address can change automatically or be reassigned to a different device.

DHCP is the preferred method for assigning to a device. Attempting to use a static IP address assignment is possible but can result in connection issues if the network's router is not configured accordingly.

Here are some things to remember when choosing between static and dynamic IP address assignment:

  • Each local router that uses DHCP is configured with a range of private addresses it can allocate to clients.
  • On a home router with as its default local address, the default set of client addresses ranges from to Most routers assign IP addresses to network devices starting at the beginning of the range, so you rarely see an IP address on your network in the higher ranges.
  • A router generally doesn't check whether (or another address in this range) has been assigned to a client manually before assigning it to a client automatically. This can cause an IP address conflict in which two devices on the same local network attempt to use the same IP address.
  • An IP address conflict disrupts the network communication of both devices.

For these reasons, it's recommended that you allow the router to control the assignment of IP addresses in your home network.

A networked device does not gain improved performance or better security from its IP address, whether it's,,, or another private address.

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